Definition of Social Interaction
In general, Definition of Social Interaction is a social relationship between individuals and other individuals, between individuals and groups, and between groups and groups. If there is no social interaction, it will not be able to live together.
Humans are social beings, so social interaction is a very important thing in social life. Social interaction is a foundation or pillar of a relationship that is carried out by following the prevailing norms and values. Because a social interaction will run well if the norm and the value can be applied correctly and well.
If someone does not obey and follow the norms and values that exist, then social interaction will get obstacles. Humans are very interdependent with each other, so from that humans can not live alone.
In addition to the above explanation regarding the notion of social interaction, there are also some experts who express their opinions on the notion of social interaction. The following are some expert opinions on the notion of social interaction, including:
1. Astrid S. Susanti
According to an expert named Astrid S. Susanti, social interaction is a relationship that exists between humans which creates a permanent relationship and eventually a social structure will be created. Values, meanings, and interpretations given by the parties involved are a measure of the results of the interaction.
An expert named Walgito, expressed his opinion that the influence of each individual or group is the influence of the reciprocal relationship in social interaction. The relationship between groups with other groups is also an influence of social interaction as well.
3. Murdiyatmo and Handayani
According to experts named Murdiyatmo and Handayani, social interaction is a relationship that is built by someone with other people in the life process and a social structure is built.
4. Kimball Young and Raymond W. Mack
Experts named Kimball Young and Raymond W. Mack, suggest that social interaction is a social relationship that exists between individuals and other individuals or groups and relationships between groups with other groups dynamically.  5. Gilin
According to an expert named Gillin, said that social interaction is a dynamic social relationship that exists between individuals and other individuals or between groups and other groups. This relationship is formed because human nature is a social creature or creature that cannot live without the help of others.
The Purpose of Social Interaction
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A relationship must have a purpose, so too with social interaction relationships. Social interaction has a purpose, both for individuals and groups. The following are some of the goals of social interaction, namely:
1. To Establish Friendship Relationships
Social interaction relationships can be established and created in any environment. Like the environment in the family, work environment, or society.
2. To Establish Business Relationships
With the existence of a social interaction relationship it will create or establish good and quality cooperation. And besides these destinations, you can also easily get business partners.
3. To Discuss Ideas
Every individual or person must have ideas, ideas, or thoughts that need to be conveyed to others to understand what we convey. So with social interaction, you can easily express all your ideas or ideas and you will also get feedback.
Factors Affecting Social Interaction
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In relation social interaction many factors influence it either directly or indirectly. There are so many factors that influence it. Here are some factors that can influence social interaction, namely:
Imitation is commonly referred to as imitation or imitation. One important process in social interaction is imitation. Imitation factor is an activity to imitate an individual or someone he likes or someone who becomes his idol either physically or in his behavior.
One can imitate the way of speaking, how to dress, behavior or something else that according to him stole his attention. This imitation can have a good influence and can also be a bad influence. If the mimic can maintain the norms, and culture then he will have a good influence. However, if he violates the rules or norms in the community, then he has a bad influence.
Suggestions are commonly referred to as actions that can affect others. Suggestion is the attitude of someone who can be easily followed and accepted by others.
Usually this suggestion is owned by parties – parties that have a strong influence on other people, such as people who are respected and authoritative, such as teachers, doctors, and others. Suggestions are usually acceptable only at certain times. For example, for example, the recipient of the suggestion is in a state of confusion or being unstable or because of other factors.
Sympathy is usually called an attitude of being attracted to other parties or people. The process of sympathy can occur if there is mutual understanding between the parties involved. Sympathy can occur at certain times, can when happy or also when sad.
For example, such as when someone is struck by a disaster, sympathy can turn into affection. Sympathy can also lead to a sense of attraction with other people who can make a new, stronger relationship.
Identification is called a process of imitating other people, just like imitation. The difference is that identification is a process of imitating deeper than imitation. Identification is a process of imitation up to behavior and also until the way of thinking to be the same as his idol.
Identification can occur due to intentional or unintentional. Someone will be like someone else or even be exactly the same as his idol. The identification process can help shape one's personality.
Empathy is a very influential factor. Empathy is a feeling that positions ourselves as if – it will be in the position of another person or group that experiences a certain event or feeling. The feeling of empathy is very deep.
For example, like when we see a victim of an accident or other disaster, then the victim will definitely feel a very deep sadness. Well, at that time we will definitely position ourselves as if – it will be like the victim. So, we will have the same viewpoints and feelings as the victims. Usually empathy applies to something that has sadness.
Motivation is usually called passion or encouragement. Motivation is the enthusiasm or encouragement given to someone to another person or to a group to another group.
Motivation has a goal for someone who is given a motivation to follow and according to the person who gives it motivation to do what is motivated. Motivation usually has a positive nature or is usually applied only to good things.
Types of Social Interactions
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Besides having goals and various factors that influencing it, social interaction also has various types. The following are the kinds of social interactions, namely:
According to experts named Muryati and Suryawati, they divide social interactions based on the subject into 3, namely:
- Interactions between individuals and individuals, for example like a child being scolded by his mother.
- Interactions between individuals and groups, for example like a child being beaten by friends of one school.
- Interactions between groups with groups, for example, like gang A fighting with gang B in school.
Social interaction can be a positive relationship and can also be a negative thing if they are harmful to each other.
Social interactions based on ways are divided into 2 types, namely:
1. Direct Interaction
Interaction by direct means means an interaction carried out without intermediaries or without the presence of third parties. For example, when we talk to a teacher face to face, it is called direct interaction.
2. Indirect Interaction
Interaction with indirect means means an interaction carried out through an intermediary or using a communication tool. For example, such as telephone calls, chat, e-mail etc.
3. Social Interaction Based on Its Form
According to sociologists, social interaction based on its shape is divided into 2 types, namely:
Associative is a relationship that produces positive relationships and makes unity. Associative social interactions are further divided into 4 types, namely:
Cooperatives are a business made and carried out jointly for a common goal. In a partnership, everyone will help, support and work together. Such cooperation will create harmony between communities.
Accommodation is a norm that applies in an area that is obeyed by the community. The form is like adjudication, mediation, elimination, compromise, coercion, and segregation. The purpose of accommodation is to unite the understanding of various people or groups so as not to fight.
Assimilation is the union of 2 different cultures into one so that it becomes a new culture because it has common goals and interests.
Acculturation is the union of a culture into a new culture without making the original culture  lost. Acculturation is similar to assimilation, but the difference between acculturation still retains its original culture.
Dissociative is a relationship that results in a negative relationship and creates division. Dissociative social interactions are divided into 3 types, namely:
Opposition is a social interaction that blames and opposes something done by individuals or groups. The person who opposes is called an opposition. For example, for example, someone who often opposes and violates the rules in school without any logical reasons, means he is called an opponent.
Competition is an attempt to reach an achievement that is owned by another person or referred to as a competitor. To achieve this achievement, he must improve his quality to achieve it. Competition is also a means for the community to be able to develop with their abilities.
Controversy is a social interaction that makes others hesitant and uncertain about the uncertainty of their assumptions with other individuals, meaning their feelings are hidden.
Thus our discussion this time is about the notion of social interaction, its objectives, factors influence it, and also the kinds of social interactions. Hopefully you can better understand and understand what social interaction is. Hopefully this article can be useful. Thank you 🙂
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