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Understanding Explanatory Texts Are: Purpose, Characteristics & Structure

Definition of Explanatory Text

Definition of explanatory text is a text whose contents are about the process of why and how something can happen. There are many things that can be explained in an explanatory text, for example natural events, social culture and things that are around us. It can also be called that the explanatory text has a relationship between the cause and effect of an event.

Purpose of the Explanatory Text

There are several purposes for the making of the explanatory text, namely:

  1. Explaining the cause and effect of an event that occurs around us
  2. Explain natural phenomena or events that occur

In addition to the purpose of the explanatory text, you also need to know what the characteristics and structure of the explanatory text are. The following is an explanation:

Characteristics of the Explanatory Text

 Understanding the Explanation Text and Its Characteristics

Explanation texts are quite easily distinguished from other types of texts. Explanatory texts have characteristics that are not possessed by other texts, this is what makes it quite easy to distinguish from other texts. The following are the characteristics of explanatory texts that you should be aware of.

1. Fact based information

Explanatory texts have the purpose of providing information to readers. In doing this, the information in the text must contain facts. The information must be based on events that actually happened.

2. Information contains things that are scientific

Usually, explanatory texts have scientific information, such as natural or scientific events. Explanatory texts may not have an opinion theme for the entire text.

3. Does not affect the reader and informative

Explanatory texts only aim to provide certain information to the reader. This text has no intention of influencing the reader, because the language used in it is also not a persuasive sentence .

4. Using sequence markers

What is meant by sequence markers is sequence markers. Explanation text contains a sequence of cause and effect, therefore several sequence markers are needed in a text so that the reader is clearer and understanding.

Explanation Text Structure

 Understanding the Explanation Text and Its Structure

After recognizing what the features are -the characteristics of explanatory text, you must know what the structure of explanatory text. There are three structures that make up an explanatory text, namely:

1. General revelation

The first structure in the explanatory text is a general statement. This section contains general statements of the topics to be discussed. This topic will be explained coherently in the section on cause and effect.

2. Cause and effect sequence

An explanatory text usually has a fairly long section. This part of cause and effect will explain in full the process of an event. This sequence of cause and effect will also be explained in sequence, from the earliest to the very last

3. Interpretation

What is meant by interpretation is the concluding part of all topics or facts that have been discussed previously. Interpretation must exist in an explanatory text, because it is the ultimate text. The reader is expected to know what the text writer is trying to convey.

Explanatory Text Language Rules

 Understanding the Explanatory Text and its Language Rules

There are several linguistic characteristics that must be considered in making an explanatory text, namely:

19659011] 1. Focus on the general thing

Explanatory texts will look better if you can focus on generic things compared to human participants. Don't use human participant topics for the whole text. The types of topics that should be used in explanatory texts are flood, earthquake or environment .

2. Using material verbs and relational verbs

Material verbs are verbs that indicate physical activities that can be seen by the eyes, for example reading or writing. This material verb has the sentence structure Subject + Material verb + object. An example of a material verb sentence is a little sister playing with dolls. The younger sister shows the subject, the material verb used is play and the object used is a puppet.

Whereas meant by the relational verb is a verb used for the subject and complement. Usually, if this relational verb is not included, it will not match or match the word. For example is the younger brother is the youngest child. This sentence will be absent if there is no youngest child in it, then the word youngest child enters the rational verb.

3. Using passive sentences

Passive sentences can also be referred to as indirect sentences. This sentence is a sentence commonly used for an explanatory text. This sentence has a word structure whose subject is after the predicate. Typically, the predicate used by this passive sentence begins with ‘in’, ‘ter’ or ‘ter-kan’.

An example of a passive sentence is a pillow struck by Andi. This sentence must be present in an explanatory text because it would feel absent if it did not exist.

4. Uses both time and causal conjunctions

What is meant by causal conjunctions are words used to connect various types of words. This type of causal conjunction must be used in explanatory texts because it can cause causal relationships.

This causal conjunction will also explain why a certain event can occur and what causes it. Whereas what is meant by time conjunction is a conjunction describing the time it happened. Another name for time conjunction is chronological conjunction.

An example of a causal conjunction is Andi oversleeping in the morning because sleeps a night. The form of the word because is a causal conjunction because it explains the cause and effect of an event. Whereas an example of a time conjunction is Andi took a quick shower in the morning then immediately had breakfast. Then it is a form of time conjunction, it explains what events occur after certain activities.

It is very important to use time and causal conjunctions in an explanatory text. The explanatory text will explain the sequence of events and their causes. You can use time conjunctions to support your sentences and use causal conjunctions to explain what happened before the main event occurred.

5. Using scientific terms

Because in general explanatory texts have the purpose to explain something, it would be better if there are many scientific terms used in them.

For example, texts that discuss natural disasters. There will be a causal part, so you must enter as many scientific terms as possible so that the explanatory text you make does not look like opinion and only explains the facts .

Example Exploration Text

Title: Lunar Eclipse [Moon Eclipse] 19659049] 1. General Statement (Opening)

Lunar eclipse is one of the natural phenomena that often occurs. This natural event occurs when the moon has the opposite direction to the sun. But moon opposition to the sun does not always produce a lunar eclipse.

2. Explanation Row (Contents)

If a lunar eclipse occurs, usually the moon will still be visible in the night sky. This happens because the sun's rays are still left, towards the moon by the Earth's atmosphere.

3. Closing (Interpretation)

When the moon is covered by the earth, a lunar eclipse will occur. If the position of the earth is between the moon and the sun, especially in one line. This position will prevent the sun from be able to emit its light to the moon and reach the earth.

That is the meaning of explanatory texts and their structures, linguistic characteristics to examples of explanatory texts that you can study.


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