When we talk about customs and culture, it will not be separated from the traditional house. Traditional houses in each region in Indonesia have different shapes and characteristics.
One of the unique traditional houses from Central Sulawesi that is unique and you need to know is the Traditional House of Tambi. To better understand the structure, space, and what is in Tambi Traditional House, please refer to the following information.
Characteristics of Tambi Traditional House
Tambi House is one of the one traditional or traditional house originating from Central Sulawesi Province. This house has a structural design and stage shape, so it requires the assistance of stairs to be able to go up and down when you want to enter the house. In the design of the roof of the tambi house, it also functions as a wall.
The tambi house is also used as a resident's house and for some areas in Central Sulawesi, this traditional house is used as a house for customary heads or houses of figures local people ] The difference in the tambi house shows the number of steps when entering the house.
The difference in the number of steps in the Tambi house used by the adat head must be an odd number, whereas for the population in general it has an even number. The base of the house is made of neatly arranged blocks, while the foundation of the house is made of natural rock. The stairs used to enter the house are made of sago palm leaves or bamboo which is cut into 2 parts.
Tambi Traditional House Structure
The structure of a tambi house is included as a stage house, which uses short and tall support poles not exceeding 1 meter to strengthen the house building. These house supporting poles have a total of 9, and stick to one another by using wooden block pegs.
These poles are usually made of wood such as bonati wood, this type of wood has a strong texture and is not easily weathered. This pole is used to support the frame of the house floor made of wooden boards as the base. This board is placed neatly and tightly with a size of about 5 mx 7 meters.
Tambi Traditional House Room
For the room of the house in this traditional tambi house only has one room used as main room. For daily activities such as sleeping, cooking, receiving guests carried out in this main room. This is one of the traditional houses with a minimalist and simple shape with a land size that is not large.
In the main room, usually given 2 additional buildings outside the house that are used to support other activities that are not directly carried out in the main house, usually known by the names Bohu and Pointua or Gampiri.
Pointua is a building or a room used for mashing on, in this space there is a long mortar known as the Iso, amounting to 4 poles. Meanwhile Gampiri or Buho is a room that resembles the main tambi house, but has 2 floors. This floor consists of the upper and lower floors which function from the top floor to the rice granary and the upper floor is used to receive guests.
At the top of this pond house has a design with a small angular shape at the very top, so it looks taller and also to shade the house as a whole. The roof of the pond house is made of palm fiber and sometimes also uses sago palm leaves which are arranged extending downward and also functioned as the outer wall of the house. The top material made from palm fiber makes the house look more natural and feels cool.
Requirements to Build a Tambi House
If you want to build a custom tambi house, the main requirement that must be met is that the house must be built facing south or north, so it is not possible to face the position of the sunrise and sunset, because if you glance at the design shape and construction of this house looks like a prosma mushroom made from palm fibers and thatched leaves.
This house is a house that widely used and can still be found in several areas in the province of Central Sulawesi. Based on the statement above because it is used by the general public, the size of this house is not large either the house or the room inside.
This house is very small in size because it is only used for the residence of the general public. The size of this house is rectangular with an average size of 7 × 5 m2.3. The structure of the house is not too high and the foundation of this house is in the form of a large square stone.
Stone used as a foundation is what is called natural stone. the roof used is to use the fibers so that the impact of the roof is to produce cold air in the house. It's different from a house if you use a tool that is made of iron. Tambi house size is very minimalist so it can save space and also land that is not too broad.
Difference between Tambi Traditional House and Traditional Figure and People
Characteristics Other than this tambi house is the number of stairs to be built because if it is different that has a house, then the number of steps that are in front of the Tambi traditional house is different. On the steps for the residents of the house are ordinary people with odd numbers, while for traditional elders or community leaders generally number even.
The conclusion is that the tambi house has the characteristics and uniqueness of the shape of the tambi house is rectangular shaped like a pyramid, the house was erected on a pole made of bonati wood, the main part of this house is the main room ( lobona ) and this house is not equipped with room rooms. The room in this traditional Tambol house only consists of one room so that other activities such as sleeping, cooking are done in one room.
In the middle of this Tambol house there is APAN ( rapu ) which is also equipped with a furnace as a place to cook. The door of this house is rectangular in shape and usually the door is carved in the form of a buffalo head while the main room in this traditional Tambour house is a guest room which is usually used to welcome guests who come in or visit, around this house is designed to liven up a beautiful panorama and there are guests which surrounds this house.
Besides being used as a place to sleep, they also function as a place to store important objects or other property. The bed is usually located in the middle of a room made of Nunu wood material.
For those of you who are interested in building a Tamb Damb house, you can try it because it has a small and minimalist building structure so that it doesn't cost too much. That is an explanation of the traditional house Tambi. Hope it is useful.