We’ll show you how to use Mac’s internal encryption program to encrypt a USB flash drive without losing data. The Mac has built-in great encryption. You can encrypt and protect external drives with a password using the Disk Utility or Finder options.
Click the links below for the step-by-step guide of how to:
This is only compatible with Macs, you won’t be able to access data on the encrypted drive using a Windows machine. However, if you have an external drive that’s encrypted with BitLocker, you can unlock that drive and gain the read and write access to it on Mac with the help of iSumsoft Bitlocker Reader for Mac.
Finder uses XTS-AES encryption, which allow you to encrypt a USB disk without erasing data. The contents of the drive will be encrypted with a passphrase you choose, and no one will be able to access them without that passphrase. It functions like BitLocker To Go on Windows OS that encrypts data on a removable drive to provide higher secure protection to the data.
Connect the USB flash drive to your Mac and find its disk icon on the desktop or Finder sidebar, then right-click and select Encrypt “[USB stick name]” from the context menu.
Note: If you do not see the “Encryption” option in the drop-down menu, your USB flash drive has not been formatted using the GUID partition map. To resolve this issue, you need to erase and encrypt the USB drive in Disk Utility.
Enter your password, verify it, add a meaningful password hit if needed, and then click Encrypt Disk to start the encryption process.
You may have to wait several minutes for the contents of your disk to be encrypted, depending on the size of your drive and its speed.
To use the Disk Utility to encrypt and protect the USB disk with a password, you must erase the disk firstly. If the volume contains files you want to save, be sure to copy them to another volume or the desktop on your Mac. All files can simply be copied back onto it after the encryption process completed.
Once the USB flash drive is empty, open “Disk Utility“.
In the Disk Utility application, choose your flash drive from the list and then go to the “Erase” tab. Click the Format pop-up menu and choose either
Mac OS Extended (Journaled, Encrypted) or Mac OS Extended (Case-sensitive, Journaled, Encrypted).
Enter a password and verify it when prompted. Then click the “Choose” button.
Click Erase to delete all the data on the drive.
After the encryption process completed, you’ll be able to access the contents of the USB flash drive as usual.
Next time you plug a password protected USB to your Mac, go to open Disk Utility, select your disk and then click Mount on the menu bar. A small window will appear where you will be asked to provide a password, enter the password to unlock it.
Note that the prompt includes an option for macOS to remember this password in my keychain. Check the box, and whenever you connect the USB stick to your Mac again you won’t be prompted to enter the password and you’ll have automatic access to it, just like any other drive.
To change the password for your disk or partition, select it in the sidebar, then choose “File” > “Change Password”.
I f you ever want to decrypt the USB flash drive in future, right-click its disk icon, select Decrypt “[USB stick name]” from the contextual menu, and enter the password to turn off encryption protection.
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