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Objectives, Principles, Principles & Legal Basis

Definition of Regional Autonomy

Literally, "regional autonomy" consists of the words "autonomy" and "region". In Greek, the word "autonomy" comes from two words namely autos and namos where autos means its own and namos [1945909] means rules or laws invited. Whereas, the word "region" means the unity of a legal community that has regional boundaries.

In general, regional autonomy constitutes the authority and rights of autonomous regions in regulating and managing their own government and community interests based on regulations and the laws that apply in the area.

The definition of regional autonomy is already contained in Law Number 32 of 2004 where it is written that regional autonomy is the right, authority, and obligation of autonomous regions to regulate and self-management of various government affairs and the interests of the community in accordance with applicable laws.

 Understanding Regional Autonomy is

In order for you to better understand the meaning of regional autonomy, you should listen to understanding according to some experts. Following below is the notion of regional autonomy according to experts.

1. Syarif Saleh

According to Syarif Saleh, regional autonomy is a right that regulates and governs its own territory where it is the giving of rights from the central government.

2. Benyamin Hoesein

According to Benjamin Hoesein, regional autonomy is a government organized by and for the people belonging to a national territory of a country but informally the government is outside the central government.

3. Widjadja

According to Widjadja, regional autonomy is a form of government decentralization that aims to fulfill the interests of the state by using better efforts to bring the objectives of the government closer so that the ideals of a just and prosperous society can be realized. Decentralization itself is the authority of the central government for local governments to manage their own territory.

4. Sunarsip

According to Sunarsip, regional autonomy is the authority of a region to manage and regulate the interests of the people based on its own initiative based on the aspirations of the community in accordance with legislation.

5. Vincent Lemius

According to Vincent, regional autonomy is an authority or freedom for political and administrative decision-making, all of which are based on existing laws.

Objectives of Regional Autonomy

Meanwhile, the creation of regional autonomy is based on three the main objectives are political, administrative and economic goals. Where the main purpose is to create public welfare for all the people of the autonomous region. Following below is an explanation of the three objectives of regional autonomy.

1. Political Goals

Objectives of Regional Autonomy [1945959]

In the political sphere, regional autonomy was aimed at realizing the process of political democratization through various political parties and also Regional Representatives (DPRD) ) That way, it is expected that all the people in the relevant regions will get good and decent services, facilities and infrastructure as well as community empowerment to support the welfare of the community.

2. Administrative Objectives

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Looking at the administrative side, regional autonomy was created to realize the division of tasks between regional and central government, management of natural resources to be more effective, financial management and renewal of central and regional government bureaucratic systems.

3. Economic Objectives

Then, if viewed from an economic standpoint, regional autonomy aims to realize an increase in the human development index, increasing competition (competitiveness) and the quality of production in the autonomous region. That way, it is expected that the welfare of the local community will increase.

Principle of Regional Autonomy

If you look at Law Number 23 Year 2014 concerning Regional Government, the principle of regional autonomy is the basis for regional government in implementing regional autonomy divided into 3 types namely the principles of decentralization, deconcentration and also co-administration tasks.

1. Principle of Decentralization

The principle of decentralization is the granting or transfer of authority from the central government to regional governments to manage and regulate their own regional affairs based on autonomous principles.

2. Deconcentration Principle

Deconcentration principle is the delegation or surrender of various governmental affairs by the central government to other government bodies such as governors as government representatives and / or vertical agencies in certain regions, and / or governors and regents / mayor as person in charge of general government affairs.

3. Co-Administration Principle

Co-administration principle is an assignment given by the central government to autonomous regions to carry out various government functions which are the authority of the central government or from the provincial government to the regency / city to carry out various government affairs provincial authority

Principle of Regional Autonomy

 Principles of Regional Autonomy

Regional autonomy has three main principles used in its implementation in government. The following are the 3 principles of regional autonomy.

1. The Principle of Autonomy Seluas – Extent

The point is that each region is given the authority to manage and regulate all government affairs in all fields or aspects. However, not all fields are handled as a whole by regional government because there are certain limitations in several related fields.

This is because business in certain fields has exceeded regional affairs, in other words it has entered the central domain such as national security and foreign policy.

2. The Principle of Real Autonomy

The point is that each region is given the authority to handle various government affairs based on the authority, duties and obligations that apply. Thus, the related regions are expected to continue to experience growth and progress.

3. Principles of Responsible Autonomy

The point is that the implementation of regional autonomy must be in accordance with the objectives and intentions of autonomous surrender to the regions related to the aim of improving the welfare of the community. In short, the implementation of regional autonomy must be accompanied by responsibility.

Basic Regional Autonomy Law

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Implementation of regional autonomy is not arbitrary but in accordance with applicable laws and regulations in the area. In this way, the unity, agreement and shared spirit are created in realizing the ideals and goals of the nation. The following below are some basic laws of regional autonomy.

1. The 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia, namely Article 18 paragraph 1 – 7, Article 18A paragraph 1 and 2, Article 18B paragraph 1 and 2.2. Law Number 23 Year 2014 concerning regional government (revision of Law Number 32 Year 2004).

3. Law Number 32 Year 2004 concerning regional government.

4. Law No. 33 of 2004 concerning financial balance between the central government and regional governments.

5. Decree of the Republic of Indonesia MPR Number IV / MPR / 2000 concerning policy recommendations in the implementation of regional autonomy.

6. Republic of Indonesia MPR Decree Number XV / MPR / 1998 concerning the implementation of regional autonomy, regulation, distribution and utilization of equitable national resources, and financial balance between the central and regional governments within the framework of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI).

the first implementation of regional autonomy in Indonesia was based on Law Number 22 of 1999 concerning Regional Government (Supplement to the State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3839, State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia of 1999 Number 60).

However, in 2004, Law Number 22 Year 1999 has been deemed not in accordance with the development of state administration, circumstances, and demands for the implementation of regional autonomy in Indonesia. Therefore, the law was replaced with Law Number 32 of 2004 concerning Regional Government (Additional State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4437, State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia of 2004 Number 125).

All right, hopefully the discussion on the definition of regional autonomy along with the objectives, principles, principles and basis of the regional autonomy law as explained above, it is useful. Thank you!

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