Etymologically, the word "Pancasila" comes from Sanskrit India (Brahmana Caste), which consists of the word "Panca" and the word "Sila". "Panca" means five and "Precept" means joint, base. So, if put together the meaning of Pancasila is the Five Basics.
In general, The Definition of Pancasila is an ideology and foundation of the Indonesian state which is used as a basis for every nation's decision and also reflects the personality of the Indonesian nation. With another meaning, Pancasila is the basis or basis for regulating the government of Indonesia, where all components in the territory of Indonesia are preferred.
Pancasila as the state base Indonesia is symbolized by images of Garuda birds. Which inside has a picture of stars, chains, banyan trees, bull's head, rice and cotton. Each of these images reflects every meaning of the 5 principles of Pancasila. So the term for the Indonesian state symbol is Garuda Pancasila.
The sounds of the 5 principles of Pancasila are:
- One Godhead
- Fair and Civilized Humanity
- Indonesian Unity
- Popular Led by Wisdom Wisdom in Consultation / Representation
- Social Justice for All Indonesian People
In addition to the above explanation regarding the definition of Pancasila, there are also some experts who express opinions on the meaning of Pancasila. In order for you to better understand what Pancasila is, then I can refer to the opinions of several experts. The following are some expert opinions on Pancasila, namely:
1. Ir. Soekarno
Bung Karno said that Pancasila was the content of the soul of the Indonesian nation that had been passed down for generations and was buried by western culture which had been possible for centuries. Therefore, the notion of Pancasila is not only a state philosophy, but has a broader meaning, namely Pancasila as a philosophy for the Indonesian nations.
A Notonegoro said that the notion of Pancasila was a basic ideology and a state philosophy that was a hope as a view of the Indonesian nation to unite the nation as a symbol of unity and unity as well as for the defense of the nation and state Indonesia.
3. Muhammad Yamin
Mr. Muhammad Yamin also stated that Pancasila originated from the word "Panca" which means five and "Sila" which means joints, pillars, bases or regulations behave well and important. Therefore, Pancasila is the five bases that have the contents of a guideline or rule regarding good and important behavior.
History of Pancasila
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Business Investigation Agency Preparation for Indonesian Independence (BPUPKI) chaired by Dr. Kanjeng Raden Tumenggung (K.R.T.) Radjiman Wedyodiningrat was formed on March 1, 1945. In his opening speech, Dr. Radjiman asked a number of questions to the members of the congregation, one of the questions was "What basis of the State of Indonesia will we form this?"
In an attempt to form an official state foundation namely Pancasila, there were many proposals personal proposals issued by the Business Investigation Agency Preparation for Indonesian Independence, namely:
Five Principles were stated by Mr. Muhammad Yamin in his speech on May 29, 1945. Muhammad Yamin formulated five bases which contained: Peri-nationality, Election of Humanity, Elves of Godhead, Election of the People, and Welfare of the People.
He said that the five precepts which formulated were based on historical 1945, religion, civilization, and constitutional life which had long been developing in Indonesia country. And at that time Mohammad Hatta doubted Muhammad Yamin's speech.
Panca Sila was stated by Mr. Ir. Soekarno in his spontaneous speech on June 1, 1945 which until now is known as " Birth of the Pancasila ". Indonesian nationality, Peri-Humanism Internationalism, Consensus-Building or Democracy, Representative Basis, Consultative Basic, Social Welfare, and Godhead are some of the basic principles raised by Mr. Soekarno.
Then, the name of Pancasila was uttered by Soekarno in his speech on June 1, here are his words:
Now there are many principles: nationality, internationalism, consensus, prosperity, and divinity, five numbers. His name is not Panca Dharma, based on the instructions of a friend of our linguists, then I call it the name of Pancasila. Sila means the principle or basis, and above those five foundations we establish an Indonesian state, eternal and eternal.
Before the first session was finished, a Small Committee was formed to:
- Redefine the Pancasila as the basis of the speech pronounced by Ir. Soekarno on June 1, 1945.
- Making the document into a text to proclaim Indonesia's independence.
Then, 9 small committees were chosen which were called Committee Nine. Then, the committee's plan was approved on June 22, 1945 which was named the Jakarta Charter.
Then, after the formulation of the Pancasila was officially accepted as a state foundation, there were several documents stipulated, namely:
1. First Formulation:
The first formulation on June 22, 1945 was the Jakarta Charter ( Jakarta Charter ).
2. Second Formulation:
The second formula on August 18, 1945, namely the Opening of the 1945 Constitution
3. Third Formulation:
The third formula on December 27, 1949, namely the Beginning of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia United States
4. Fourth Formulation:
The fourth formulation on August 15, 1959, namely the Preamble of the Provisional Constitution
5. Fifth Formulation:
The fifth formulation on July 5, 1959 namely a series of unity with the Constitution (referring to the Presidential Decree)
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Pancasila has position as the basis of the Indonesian state. And of course Pancasila has several functions that are in accordance with the understanding of the previous Pancasila. The following are some of the functions of Pancasila namely:
1. Pancasila as the Foundation of the Republic of Indonesia
The Pancasila is used as the basis for the implementation or implementation of the state and state life in Indonesia. Therefore, Pancasila must always be based on the governance of the State and community life in Indonesia
2. Pancasila as the Soul of the Indonesian Nation
All countries in the world must have their own souls. In the country of Indonesia, Pancasila becomes the soul of the Nation, therefore the Indonesian people apply or practice the values of Pancasila in every social life.
3. Pancasila As the Life View of the Indonesian Nation
Besides that, Pancasila also has a function as a view of the Indonesian nation's life and also has a function as a guide to how to behave in everyday life. Everything in Indonesia, both the nation's moral ideals and culture must come from Pancasila, because Pancasila is an inseparable entity.
4. Pancasila as Indonesian Nation's Personality
The Indonesian people have differences with other nations, which are the differentiators of the unique personality possessed by the Indonesian people. The uniqueness is in the form of behavior and mental attitude of the Indonesian people based on the Pancasila.
5. Pancasila as a Source of All Legal Resources
Pancasila has become a source of law in Indonesia. Therefore, all the laws of 1945 that existed in Indonesia must not conflict with the contents of the Pancasila which had become the basis of the Indonesian state.
6. Pancasila as the Noble Agreement of the Indonesian Nation
Pancasila is a result of the struggle and collective agreement between the people and the founders of the Indonesian nation. Therefore, all Indonesian people must participate in supporting, defending, and fighting for all the noble values possessed by the Pancasila.
7. Pancasila as a Nation's Life Philosophy
Then, in Pancasila also has personality values that are believed by society, namely the most true, fair, wise, and unifying personality values of the people of Indonesia. Therefore, Pancasila was used as the philosophy of life of the Indonesian people.
8. Pancasila as the Ideal and Purpose of the Indonesian Nation
The ideals and goals of the Indonesian people are also a function that is owned by Pancasila. That is to create or build a just and prosperous society in all regions of Indonesia. The ideals and goals of the Indonesian people have been stated and written clearly in the opening of the 1945 Constitution 55 of 1945 which explained the Pancasila.
The Purpose of Pancasila
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The Purpose of Pancasila actually already mentioned in the opening of the 1945 Constitution, namely as the basis of the Republic of Indonesia. With another meaning, Pancasila is a foundation in regulating the course of government in Indonesia.
Pancasila can also be regarded as a life view or philosophy of life of the nation which is the goal of life for the Indonesian people. In the MPR Decree No. 11 / MPR / 1978 on March 22, 1978 also clearly stated about the purpose of Pancasila.
The objectives of Pancasila in general are:
- Making Indonesian religious people obedient to God Almighty.
- Making the Indonesian people who are socially and economically just.
- Making the Indonesian people who get respect human rights (Human Rights).
- Making the nation a democratic Indonesia.
- Making the Indonesian people love the country and nationalist.
Thus our discussion this time concerning the notion of Pancasila, along with the history, functions, and also the objectives of the Pancasila. Hopefully you can better understand and understand what Pancasila is, as well as its history, function, and purpose. Hopefully this article can be useful. Thank you 🙂
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