The Borneo Islands are divided into several Provinces namely, West Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, North Kalimantan and East Kalimantan which each have a characteristic that is quite diverse in their traditional houses.
West Kalimantan the origin of the Dayak tribe is called a long house name. In life long ago in the area of West Kalimantan we can give evidence by taking the name in Sukunya who lives in control in the area of West Kalimantan, namely the Dayak tribe.
Life typical of the original Dayak tribe cannot be found in the world in any region. Among the distinctive features of the Dayak tribe are pendant-shaped necklaces made from pig fangs, marking on social status in the community  can be seen the number of torch-illustrated tattoos on his body, jewelry made with stone, and also his traditional house.
West Kalimantan Traditional House
West Kalimantan is a region directly adjacent to the Malacca State. Most of the population in the West Kalimantan region are the Dayak tribes, most of whom are farmers. The Dayak tribe often build temporary houses and sometimes also houses around the fields which are often referred to as the Rumah Panjang.
Traditional houses in Kalimantan originating from Dayak tribe people are classified as a stilt house with a height of up to 5 -8 meters above ground level. The Long House has a long shape that is approximately 180 meters in length with a width of 30 meters and a wide enough staircase with a fairly high supporting house.
This Long House has three main parts which consist of the floor of the house, stairs, and also the body of the house. This ladder, commonly referred to as "Hejot", must be an odd number with an average of three main ladders.
In this Long House often found a body of a house that comes from Ulin tree which is very sturdy and also partitioned using wooden boards . On the floor of the Long House also comes from bamboo trunks and also the hemispheres of the betel tree trunks.
Characteristics of West Kalimantan Traditional Houses
Characteristics in West Kalimantan traditional houses can be seen from Pente or terrace, living room, family room, bedroom, back of the house, and also in the interior of the building. The following is an explanation of each of these characteristics.
1. Pente or also Terrace
Just like modern house buildings in general which have a front yard to serve as a terrace, there is also a terrace that is located on the front side of the house in this traditional West Kalimantan house. Usually this terrace room is used as the place for the implementation of religious rituals and traditional ceremonies carried out by all Dayak family members.
2. Living Room
Often referred to as Samik. Usually in this room, the people in the Dayak tribe welcome their guests. The contents of this room certainly have a table that can be used to serve guests, and usually the table is round. The Dayaks often refer to this round table as Pene.
3. Family Room
Have you been able to imagine how the family room in the Dayak tribe experienced? certainly the size of the family room in the main house building can be up to 180 × 30 meters and this is quite extensive. In this room also must form a rectangle in the middle of the building in the traditional house.
The number of bedrooms in this house depends on how many people live in it. However, there is a regulation on the customs of the Longhouse, where the parent's bedroom must be at the end of the river flow to the end which will be occupied by the youngest child.
5. Behind the House
In most modern homes, we can freely arrange the room according to our desires. But it is different with traditional houses in West Kalimantan. At the back of the house must be able to function as daput with facing the river flow. Besides being used as a kitchen behind the house, it is also used for storing crops.
6. Interior Building
In the distribution of indoors traditional houses in West Kalimantan included several parts which were designated as daily activities. In buildings that are typical of traditional houses in West Kalimantan, not only contain a functional value. But more than that, the building characteristics of the Dayak tribe have a lot of intentions that teach high values that should be respected by the modern life that can be used as a guide to behaving in a society.
In buildings that are very this vast area which is inhabited by a number of heads in a family, certainly with different environments, and also unequal income which symbolizes life in the Dayak tribe is certainly harmonious with upholding unity, a high sense of love and tolerance strong.
By determining the front of the house according to the direction the sun starts to rise and also at the back of the house adjusts the direction the sun starts to set. The purpose of this method is to teach the meaning of a hard work every day the day ends. Which is not only for idling and idle. This also shows that the Dayak tribe is a hard worker.
The housing system in which one house can be inhabited by a number of families can provide an example to us that in the Dayak tribe there has never been to distinguish social status among others. They will judge that the entire Dayak tribe is no different, all equally. Not distinguished based on existing wealth, age, offspring, beautiful face, handsome face, and also the position held.
Thus a glimpse of the explanation and also the characteristics of the traditional house of West Kalimantan, hopefully this article can be a guideline or references in the science you are looking for.
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