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Its Birth History & Character Formers [SINGKAT]

In essence, each country will have a state foundation or state philosophy (political philosophy ) which has a function as a guideline for carrying out the life of the state. If a country does not have a state foundation, then the country does not have clarity of direction and purpose so that it will bring up various complexities.

Like the Pancasila which is the basis of the Indonesian nation state and has been stated in the opening of the 1945 Constitution. which consists of five principles that describe the characteristics and personality of the Indonesian nation to be appointed as ideology .

What you need to know is that the Pancasila is not just born, but the result of very mature thinking in accordance with the national character. The results of these ideas were formulated into an agreement until finally becoming the Pancasila which we recited during the flag ceremony.

History of Pancasila  history of Pancasila

In general, Pancasila was the basis of the Republic of Indonesia five principles regarding the formation of the state. The term Pancasila itself has been published in the book written by Mpu Tantular with the name Sutasoma written in Sanskrit. Panca which means five, sila which has meaning as principle or foundation.

The Sutasoma was written during the Majapahit kingdom which told the lives of people who live in a safe, peaceful and prosperous life. The term pancasila in the book refers to a noun that is a stone consisting of 5 joints.

However, there is also written that the term pancasila is a form of practice of moral norms consisting of five points. The contents of the five points are prohibited from committing violence, prohibited from stealing, prohibited from having a spiteful soul, are prohibited from lying and prohibited from drinking liquor.

History of the Birth of Pancasila as the State Foundation

 History of the Birth of Pancasila as the Foundation [19659010] Basically, Indonesia became an independent country because of the struggle of the heroes in realizing independence by carrying out two ways, namely confrontation and diplomacy. </p data-recalc-dims=

The confrontation struggle was carried out by fighting invaders on the battlefield, while diplomacy was carried out by holding various negotiations in order to gain international recognition of Indonesia's independence. One form of negotiation carried out by the heroes is to form a Pancasila formula that will be used as a basic philosophy [ideology for the Indonesian state]

The formation of the Pancasila is carried out with a very long process to create Pancasila that is in accordance with the nation's personality and the country of Indonesia. The following are some influential negotiations in the process of Pancasila formulation.

1. Establishment of BPUPKI

Starting from Japan's increasingly threatened position in the war against allies, the Japanese government promised independence for the Indonesian people. To realize this a body was formed known as the BPUPKI (Preparatory Investigation Agency for Indonesian Independence) or in Japanese called Dokuritsu Junbi Cosakai .

BPUPKI was a body formed by the Japanese government on April 29, 1945 which aimed to captivating the hearts of the Indonesian people to help maintain Japan's position in Indonesia in exchange for independence for Indonesia. This body itself is chaired by Dr. Kanjeng Raden Tumenggung (K. R. T.) Radyiman Wedyodiningrat and his deputy namely Ichibangase Yoshio (Japan) and Raden Pandji Soeroso.

History records that BPUPKI only conducted sessions twice in the Cho Sangi In Building or now known as Gedung Pancasila. The BPUPKI First Session took place on 29 May – 1 June 1945 with Dr. KRT Rajiman Wedyodiningrat as chairman by delivering a speech concerning the formation of the basic state of Indonesia. The main figures who propose the formulation of the five Pancasila bases include Mr. M. Yamin, Prof. Dr. Soepomo and Ir. Soekarno.

2. Committee Sembilan

The results of the first session of BPUPKI have not yet received a complete agreement regarding the proposed state basis, until a small committee of 9 people was formed to provide and accommodate various inputs on the proposals that were given by the three figures.

The committee was called committee nine with Ir. Soekarno as its chairman and Moh. Hatta as a representative. The nine committee members consisted of Islamic groups and nationalist groups, such as Mr. Achmad Soebardjo, Mr. Muhammad Yamin, Abdul Kahar Muzaki,, KH. Wachid Hasyim, H. Agus Salim, Abikoesno Tjokrosoejoso, and Mr. A A. Maramis.

This committee succeeded in formulating the basic state contained in the text of the Preamble Draft known as the Jakarta Charter ( Jakarta Charter .

  • The Godhead with the obligation to practice Islamic law for its followers
  • Fair and civilized humanity
  • Indonesian unity
  • Popularism led by wisdom in policy / representation
  • Social justice for all Indonesians

3. BPUPKI II Session

On July 10-17 1945 the BPUKI II session was held which resulted in several agreements, such as the basic agreement of the Indonesian state as stated in the Jakarta Charter, the state form of Indonesia Republic of Indonesia and agreement on the territory of Indonesia covering the territory of the Dutch East Indies, North Borneo, East Timor to Malacca.

In addition, there was an agreement regarding the establishment of 3 small committees as the drafting committee of the constitution with 19 members with Ir. Soekarno as chairman, Economic and Financial Committee with Mohammad Hatta as chairman, and Homeland Defense Committee with Abikoesno Tjokrosoejoso as chairman.

4. PPKI Session

A day after Indonesian independence on August 18, 1945, PPKI (Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence) was formed or in Japanese called Dokuritsu Junbi Iinkai as a substitute for BPUPKI which was dissolved on August 7, 1945 because it had completing his task well.

PPKI was deliberately set up to perfect the formulation of the Pancasila which had been contained in the designation of the Preamble of the 1945 Constitution. There was a sound change in the first principle proposed by Moh. Hatta became "One Godhead". The results obtained from the PPKI I session included the following:

  1. Ratifying the 1945 Constitution as a state constitution
  2. Appointing and stipulating Ir. Soekarno as President and Drs. Moh. Hatta as Indonesia's first Vice-President.
  3. Establishment of the KNIP (Central Indonesian National Committee) to assist the President in carrying out his duties before the MPR and DPR.

5. Presidential Instruction No. 12 of 1968

To anticipate diversity in the formulation of the basic state, then in 1968 President Suharto issued a Presidential Instruction concerning the correct formulation of the Pancasila, namely:

  1. One Godhead
  2. Fair and civilized humanity
  3. Unity Indonesia
  4. Population led by wisdom of deliberation / representation
  5. Social justice for all Indonesian people

Figures that formulate Pancasila

 Figures that formulate Pancasila

As for the figures who propose the formula the basis of the Indonesian state, namely Pancasila is as follows.

1. Muh. Yamin

Mohammad Yamin was one of the important figures in the formulation of the basic state of Indonesia. He expressed his opinion when the first BPUPKI session was held on April 29, 1945. Below is a proposal from Muh. Yamin concerning the formulation of 5 state bases.

  1. Nationality Fairy
  2. Election of Humanity
  3. Fairy of Godhead
  4. Peri-Kerakyatan
  5. People's Welfare

2. Mr. Soepomo

Mr. Soepomo has put forward a proposal regarding the formulation of the state basis on 31 April 1945 called "the basis of an Independent Indonesian State", namely:

  1. Unity
  2. Family
  3. Consensus and Democracy
  4. Deliberation
  5. Social Justice

3 . Ir. Soekarno

Ir. Soekarno was the first president of the Republic of Indonesia to play an important role in the formulation of the Pancasila. He conveyed his ideas during the first BPUPKI trial which included:

  1. Indonesian Nationality
  2. Internationalism or Humanity
  3. Consensus or Democracy
  4. Social Welfare
  5. Cultural Godhead

Such an explanation of the history of the Pancasila and the figures who formulated the Pancasila. Hopefully the article about the history of Pancasila above is useful and can add to your insight. Thank you.

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