Home / Linux / How to do math on the Linux command line

How to do math on the Linux command line

Can you do math on the Linux command line? You sure can! In fact, there are quite a few commands that can make the process easy and some you might even find interesting. Let’s look at some very useful commands and syntax for command line math.

expr

First and probably the most obvious and commonly used command for performing mathematical calculations on the command line is the expr (expression) command. It can manage addition, subtraction, division, and multiplication. It can also be used to compare numbers. Here are some examples:

Incrementing a variable

$ count=0
$ count=`expr $count + 1`
$ echo $count
1

Performing a simple calculations

$ expr 11 + 123
134
$ expr 134 / 11
12
$ expr 134 - 11
123
$ expr 11 * 123
expr: syntax error		<== oops!
$ expr 11 * 123
1353
$ expr 20 % 3
2

Notice that you have to use a character in front of * to avoid the syntax error. The % operator is for modulo calculations.

Here’s a slightly more complex example:


>> Source Link

Loading...

Check Also

6+ How to Print Automatically and Manually Back and forth (For Beginners)

One of the most effective ways to save paper usage is by printing on both …