Previously, it was discussed about traditional musical instruments from East Nusa Tenggara on the island of Rote, namely Sasando . Now, will be explained in more detail about traditional musical instruments from Papua but also developed in Maluku, namely traditional musical instruments Tifa .
The instruments ofifa itself are known as symbols of the Papua region. Tifa is also usually used to accompany dances and certain events such as traditional ceremonies and so on. But the type of tifa that is used in these matters is certainly adjusted.
In addition, of course this tifa instrument is unique that you need to know. What's up? The following will be explained about the history, material and form, how to play it, its types and differences in the tifa in Maluku and the tifa in Papua.
History of Tifa Musical Instruments
Instruments played by beating this has a different history in the Papua region and the Maluku region. But in Papua's history, Tifa is known from the Biak area. As we know people who live in rural areas certainly still believe in stories of myths and stories of the past which of course the truth cannot be confirmed.
It is said that in the Biak area there were two young brothers named Fraimun and Sarenbeyar who left their home area called the village of Maryendi because the village had already sunk. They both went looking for a safe new residential area to continue their lives and they finally decided to live in a new village called Wampember village namely in North Biak.
On the night of these two young men go hunting in the forest, amid the hunt they rest to see the ops tree. Opsur means wood or trees that can produce sound. But soon after they returned home because it was night and decided to come back tomorrow.
After they returned to the forest to see the opsur tree, but the condition of the tree was crowded by soa-soa, honeybees, monitor lizards and small animals. The two young men were filled with curiosity about the ops tree so they cut down the trees.
Fraimun and Sarenbeyar dredged and punched the middle part of the ops tree with the tools they carried, namely nibong (a tool made of iron with sharp edges) so that the shape like a pipe. After that the middle part of the tree is burnt a little. Then to cover one of the hollow sections they use soa-soa skin. And the creation of the traditional musical instruments we know today under the name Tifa.
Form and Material of Tifa Musical Instruments
Tifa is made of wood with a hollow hole in the center so that it is shaped like a tube. Used animal skins that are dried to cover part of one side with holes.
Tifa Papua is made of lenggua trees, while Maluku Tifa is made of wood from a kind of breadfruit tree. Not only that, usually tifa is also given unique / distinctive carvings from each area. The shape of the tifa is similar to a musical instrument [drum] the difference lies in sound and its size.
How to Play a Tifa Musical Instrument
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How to play tifa varies depending on the type of musical instrument itself. Some played with the method of being beaten using a hand and also using a clock.
Tifa issues one type of sound and is used as a tempo controller and is used as the main tone when played using another musical instrument.
with the tifa being played with other types of tifa, because the sounds of these types of tifa vary, the player must be able to equate the sound to a good rhythmic sound for the listener to enjoy.
Types of Musical Instruments Tifa
Developing in different regions, Tifa also has different types in the Maluku region and in the Papua region itself. The difference lies in its shape, in Papua there is usually a handle in the middle and also more curved.
Whereas in the Maluku Region there is no handle and the shape of the tip is like a tube. Types of musical instruments are Bass Tifa, basic Tifa, Tifa jekir, Tifa cut, and Trimmed taifa tifa . The difference of the five types of tifa is the type of sound produced so that it has distinctive sound characteristics and different functions also if played simultaneously.
Difference between Maluku Tifa and Papua
a. Tifa in Maluku
The difference between Maluku and Papua tifa is not only located on the handle and the center but also on the carvings made. In the Maluku tifa the carving has meaning as an expression of gratitude from the artist and also about the story of life.
Same thing with the tifa in Papua, in Maluku tifa is also played in traditional ceremonies. Such as Cakalele dancers and traditional dances about warfare. In Maluku, the names of the tifa are also different in some of their regions, such as in Central Maluku, referred to as Tihal and Tahito .
b. Tifa in Papua
In Papua, Tifa is very well known especially in the Asmat, Biak, Malin Anim Sentani, Timenabuan and other tribes in Papua. The name Tifa in Papua itself has a different name, as in Biak it is called "Sirep", the Malim community mentions it "Kandara", in Setani it is called "Wachu" and in the Asmat tribe the people refer to Tifa "Eme".
Most tribes in Papua uses tifa instruments for hereditary events from their ancestors, namely customs, such as rituals. Tifa is played with a sacred melody from the player's punch.
Tifa's musical instrument is certainly not only known by the people of Maluku and Papua as well, as traditional musical instruments, of course we as Indonesians can participate in preserving it.
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