Definition of Dance
There are many types of art, one of which is dance. In general, Dance is an art in which the movements of the body that will be used and carried out according to the rhythm and displayed at a certain place and the time that has been determined with the intention of conveying intent, thoughts, messages and express feelings. Dance is a combination or combination of several elements, namely body, rhythm, and also feeling.
Besides the above explanation regarding the notion of dance, there are also some experts who express their opinions on the notion of dance. The following are some experts who expressed their opinions, namely:
1. Judith Mackrell
According to an expert named Mackrell who is also the author of various articles relating to the art of gesture, said that dance is a rhythmic body movement, which is in tandem with music and carried out in a space, which has the purpose of can express emotions or ideas, release energy, or just for fun.
2. Irmgrad Bartenieff and Forrestine Paulay
According to experts who were members of the Lomax's Performance Style Project in 1965 named Bartenieff and Paulay, argued that dance is an expressionist art form that provides an illustration of an individual's mental reaction to existing problems and conflicts in this modern world.
According to an expert named Hawkins, said that dance is an expression of a human feeling that is interpreted in an imagination in the form of moving media so that the movement is a symbolic expression of the creator.
4. Drs. I Gede Ardika
According to an expert named Drs. I Gede Ardika, argued that dance is something that is able to be integrated into several things so that people are able to adjust and straighten their own perspectives.
According to an expert named H'Doubler, argues that dance is an expression of rhythmic motion from an aesthetically valued state of feeling, in which the symbol of its intentions is consciously designed for satisfaction and pleasure from experience, communicating expression, and from a form of creation.
Function of Dance
A dance art certainly has its functions. The following are some of the functions of dance, namely:
1. As Art
The first function of dance is as kesenia. The art of dance is presented with the aim of preserving the cultures that already exist in a country for sure. The function of this dance more towards traditional dance inherited from ancient times. For example, dance – dance that exists in the country of Indonesia until now is still an art that will always be displayed at certain events.
2. As a Ceremony
The function of the next dance is as a ceremony. In general, the dances performed during the ceremony are very solemn. The message in it can be a reflection for the heroes or just as a reflection of ourselves.
3. As Entertainment
The function of the next dance is as entertainment. The dances displayed are generally useful for providing entertainment to the audience present. This function expects the audience to be happy when watching it, ranging from movement, appearance, and musical accompaniment. In general, dances that are entertaining are modern in nature, both from appearance, music, and dancers.
4. As association
The next function of art is as association. Dance in this function is usually played in order to be able to interact with fellow humans who have relatives. This dance hopes to be able to tighten the intertwined relationship. And if you have mistakes, you can forgive one another.
5. As a Performing Media
The next function of art is as a medium of performance. Dance in this function is displayed if only for performances, usually for competitions. The function of this dance is indeed to be shown to busy people, so it's only natural that what stands out is the side of the choreography, a solid concept and a good idea. And also the themes are arranged in such a way that the display becomes more attractive and good.
6. As Economics
The function of the next dance is as an economy. Dance is not just for art, but the presence of dance in the present is a profession for some people. With so many requests from people to display dance art, the economic opportunities for him will also be open.
It is very natural if this happens. Because to show a dance definitely requires clothing and property to complete it and the time taken is not small. And usually the number of dancers is not just one person, so it will require extra effort to be able to train it.
7. As Media Learning
The function of subsequent dance is as a medium of learning. In every school until now dance is still taught and becomes a subject in school. There are also those that make it extra or extracurricular lessons. This dance function hopes that students can get to know more about the culture of Indonesian dance, from Sabang to Merauke.
Dance has several elements in it, both elements main and also additional elements. The following are some of the elements of the dance:
The main elements of dance are the main elements or elements that must be possessed and contained in a dance . Therefore, this main element is an important point of the success of a dance that will be delivered. Here are 3 main elements in dance, namely:
1. Wiraga (raga)
Wiraga in the understanding of Javanese means body, which in the sense of dance is called movement. A dance must be able to make aesthetic, rhythmic and dynamic body movements. Although, not all movements in the dance have a specific purpose in it.
Pure motion or ordinary motion is a movement in a dance that does not have a specific purpose. Meaningful motion is a movement in a dance that has a deep meaning and has a specific purpose.
Usually through the movement of the dancer, the audience is able to guess what character the dancer plays. For example, such as rotating motion on the wrist brought by a woman who has the intention of softness or flexibility. Whereas if a male dancer performs a dance with a gesture of scolding the waist, it means power and authority.
A dance without movement, the dance has no meaning and is empty because a dance must have an element of movement in it. Therefore, wiraga is a major element in a dance art.
2. Wirama (rhythm)
Sebuha dance cannot be just a movement without the music accompanying it. Music has a function to accompany the dancer's movements. With music in it, then a dance movement will have a meaning and will create a certain atmosphere in it.
A dancer must be able to dance to the beat, tempo, and rhythm that accompanies it so that the audience can feel harmony in the dance. In addition, using the tempo and rhythm of the dancer will not always depend on the movements of the other dancers, but he can adjust his own movements with the rhythm that accompanies it.
The rhythm used by dancers can be recorded (usually used for education) or can also use accompaniment directly from musical instruments, such as harps, gamelan, and so on. However, it can also use accompaniment in the form of foot beats, clapping, or singing. Rhythm is useful as a complement to dance movements. Although its function is only as a accompaniment, rhythm is also the main element.
3. Wirasa (rasa)
A dance art must be able to convey a message and an atmosphere from feelings to the audience through the dancer's movements and expressions. Therefore, a dancer must be able to express and animate the dance he carries through facial expressions as well as deepening the character.
For example, if the character being delivered is a girl, then the movement played must be graceful, otherwise it must show facial expressions that match the character of the girl.
This wirasa element will further strengthen the character, atmosphere, and aesthetics of a dance art if combined with the movements and rhythms that support it. If in a dance using taste, the audience can easily understand the intentions conveyed by the dancer.
By that, the element of wirasa will not be covered by the essential elements of dance. If there is no sense in it, the audience cannot accept the intended message.
Besides the main elements possessed by dance, there are also additional elements in it. The following are some additional elements in dance, namely:
4. Cosmetology and Costume
Dance makeup and costumes must be in accordance with the dances performed and also the characters played by the dancer. This element supports the atmosphere of the dance and conveys the implied message and the character played.
5. Floor Pattern
A dance will look beautiful if the dancer is able to master the floor pattern. Dancers are not only in the middle of the stage but dancers must also be able to move to and fro so that the audience will not be bored to watch it. This element is also important so that the dancers do not collide and a compact, harmonious and orderly appearance will be created.
6. Stage Procedure
The stage system will always be considered so as to produce a good dance performance. This is very important because the creation of a stage that is suitable for dancing, not narrow, and neatly arranged will give a good impression to the audience. The stage arrangement includes lighting. So, the arrangement of the stage and the room must be adjusted to the dance that will be displayed.
In a certain dance, surely the dancer will bring property. Usually property is a supporting tool for dance such as plates, candles, scarves, or umbrellas. Although not all dances use property, this element must also be considered to support the creation of beautiful dance visualizations.
Supporting accessories or property make the audience more confident that the dance is well prepared and prepared. In addition, with the presence of supporting accessories, the audience can easily find out the character of the dance displayed.
Examples of Dance
 Examples of Dance Art 
Lots of examples of dance. There are traditional dances and also modern dance. Traditional dance is a regional dance that is still preserved and preserved from the beginning until now. Examples of traditional dances are as follows:
1. Kecak dance
Kecak dance is a dance from the Bali region. Kecak dance is a characteristic of the Balinese region. The story in the Kecak dance is about the Ramayana, where the dancers are usually male. Kecak dance is a work of Wayan Limbak and Walter Spies [1945-1919] who was a painter from Germany in the 1930s.
2. Candle Dance
Lilin dance is a typical dance from West Sumatra. The dancers will use small plates on which there are lit candles. Usually this dance is performed at night.
Besides traditional dance, there is also modern dance. Modern dance is a new creative dance in which has the freedom to create it. Usually this dance movement is inspired by regional dance and then mix it with modern dance. The following are examples of modern dance, namely:
1. Peacock Dance
Peacock dance is a new creation dance which tells the life of an animal, the Peacock. Peacock dance is usually displayed simultaneously. The accompaniment song is the Macan song Ucul. This dance was created by a Sundanese artist, Raden Tjeje Somantri. This Peacock dance is well known overseas.
2. Nguri dance
Nguri dance is a new creation dance that has the theme of welcoming and offering. Initially this dance was a dance to entertain the king who was grieving or sad. However, with the development of the times, Nguri dance became a dance to welcome important guests or guests from the center.
Thus our discussion this time about the notion of dance, as well as functions, elements, and also examples of dance. Hopefully you can more easily understand and understand with