Indonesia has a variety of cultural features, one of which is Traditional Houses . Traditional houses owned by each region in Indonesia are different. Usually the typical traditional houses that exist in each region in Indonesia describe the area.
One of them is the traditional house from East Java, namely the Joglo House. This joglo house has a roof with a model like a mountain and also large which is also known as pyramid-shaped with a magnificent roof.
The basic philosophy of joglo house is not much different from traditional Javanese houses, which are influences from Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism rooted in one in the Joglo House building. For more details about the Joglo House and its features, let's look at the following reviews.
East Java Traditional House: Joglo House
Joglo in ancient times was built to show certain social status or strata in society. The majority of Joglo houses are owned by nobles with the aim of receiving guests in large numbers.
But after changing times, the identity of the joglo house is no longer only for nobles but can be owned by everyone.
Joglo houses have their own uniqueness make it different from other traditional houses. The uniqueness of the materials used to make joglo houses is dominated by teak wood . Some other uniqueness can be seen from several types of Joglo Houses that are used, namely as follows:
Typical Characteristics of Joglo East Java Traditional Houses
Joglo houses have a variety of types with different distinctive characteristics that each type has. The characteristics of some types of joglo houses include the following:
1. Joglo Sinom
The Sinom Joglo has 4 teacher saka and 36 pillars which are its trademarks. The concept of the Joglo Sinom building is from the development of Joglo Saka that uses a mobile terrace. Which each peak from the four sides is designed in stages and height.
2. Joglo Pangrawit
When compared to the Sinom Joglo, Joglo Pangrawit has a more detailed characteristic. More pillars and a wider home page. The Joglo Pangrawit house has a cone and towering roof, each of which has a pillar.
3. Joglo Hageng
The Joglo Hageng concept is more complicated than Joglo Pangrawit, which is a wider yard and more number of pillars. In addition, the size of the room is slightly shorter and has a blunt roof. Usually this house can be owned by families who have more sufficient income.
Not only consists of various types, but there are other uniqueness, namely in the part of the joglo house itself. The unique parts of the Joglo house are as follows:
From the Division of the Room
The division of the Joglo House characterizes its unique uniqueness as a traditional house from East Java, as below:
The Pendopo is one of the typical parts of this traditional Javanese house with a large courtyard. Usually this pavilion is often used for discussions and deliberations with citizens .
The distinctive features of this pavilion are in terms of very grand buildings and also spacious rooms without a partition. In addition, this pavilion also has four main pillars that are located in the middle representing the four directions of the wind and are called saka guru
Between the pavilion and omah jero (inner house) there is Pringgitan which functions as an entrance to the inner house. Pringgitan looks like a porch with three square shapes. This hallway is usually used for shadow puppet shows.
Emperan is a terrace in front of the pavilion to relax. Emperan is also used to receive guests and other activities. In the patio there is usually a pair of wooden chairs and a table.
4. Omah Njero
Omah njero or also called "house inside" is a part of the room that the family uses to relax.
Besides being referred to as omah njero, there are several names for this term, omah ageng, omah or omah mburi. Not all guests are allowed to enter this room because of their personal nature.
5. Senthong Kiwa (Senthong Kiri)
The name senthong can be interpreted as a room. Senthong Kiwa is another name for a number of rooms in the Kiwa section (left).
In addition, Senthong Kiwa has a variety of rooms that can be used for warehouses, a place to store food supplies and bedrooms.
6. Senthong Tengah
Senthong tengah is a part of the room that is located inside. Middle Senthong is also referred to as boma, pedaringan or krobongan.
This room is located deep in the house and is very far from Pringgitan. Senthong Tengah functions to store valuable objects such as gold, keris and other valuable objects.
Central Senthong is also called sacred because it is used to store heirlooms. Usually this room is given lighting during the day and night, and is also given a mirror, pillow, hair comb from horns and mattresses.
7. Senthong Tengen (Senthong Kanan)
Senthong Tengen is a part of the room located on the right and consists of various rooms. The rooms on the right Senthong can also be used for warehouses, a place to store food supplies and bedrooms.
Same as left senthong, right senthong also has a very beautiful design, because it is used for resting places.
8 . Gandhok
Gandhok or its modern language means warehouse. Gandhok consists of two parts, namely Gandok tengen (right) and Gandok kiwo (left) located at the back of the house.
This building is designed with Javanese elements that are very thick on the roof and pillars. In general, Gandhok is used as a barn for storing food ingredients or warehouses for storing goods.
Well that's information about the Joglo House as an East Java traditional house that has its own variety and uniqueness. Hopefully this article is useful and can add to your insight. Thank you 🙂
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