In terms of sociology, a population is a group of people who reside or inhabit a certain geographic and spatial area.
In general, Definition of Population is the people who reside or permanently domiciled in a certain region or country for a long period of time. In another definition, it says that the population has two meanings:
- People who live in that area or region
- People who are legally permitted and have the right to inhabit or live in the area.
With other meanings who have an official letter to inhabit and live in the area. For example, proof of citizenship, but he prefers to live in another area or region.
In addition to the above explanation regarding the general understanding of the population, there are also some experts who express their opinions on the understanding of the population. The following are some of the opinions of experts who put it forward, namely:
1. Jonny Purba
According to an expert named Jonny Purba, said that the notion of residents and citizens is someone who makes himself a person or becomes a member of a family, becomes a citizen or a member of the community who has a place to live in a place in a certain region and time.
According to an expert named Dr.Kartomo, stated that the population is a number of people who reside or inhabit a certain area or region. If an area is inhabited and inhabited by many people and they settle in that place, it can be defined as a resident regardless of whether they are citizens or not.
3. Ahmad Yani and Mamat Rahmat
According to experts named Ahmad Yani and Mamat Rahmat, they say that the population is a very important component or element contained in a country or region.
4 . Civil Population and Records Agency
According to the Population and Civil Registry Agency, the definition of a population is someone who has a KTP (Identity Card) and / or someone who has a KK (Family Card).
5. P.N.H Simanjuntak
According to an expert named P.N.H Simanjuntak, residents are people who dwell and reside or people who are domiciled in a country or region.
6. Srijanti and A. Rahman
According to experts named Srijanti and A. Rahman, they stated that the population is a person who inhabits a region or country without being seen as citizenship status.
Drivers of Population Density
More and more residents who inhabit and live in an area or region are the causes of several factors. There are several driving factors that make a region or region become densely populated . The following are some of the drivers of population density, namely:
Fertility is a demographic term that means birth. In English birth is called birth which means an effort of every human being to continue his offspring. Babies born in the world must be highly anticipated by every married couple who have waited for 9 months.
However, aside from the happy news that is received and felt by every married couple waiting for the presence of their baby, there is a very seriously for the state and the government in particular.
The problem is that with the increase in the number of people in the area, later humans will grow into adults and someday they will definitely become part of the density of the region or region.
Mortality is a demographic term that means death. In English, death is called death which means something very instinctive that everything that has a life and life will surely die. The death of a person will surely be mourned by relatives and families left behind.
Death will cause profits for the government and the country because the costs incurred for subsidizing or sheltering population will decrease. Mortality is closely related to fertility, because death will compensate for human birth in the area and will reduce the level of population growth.
Migration is an activity of movement or mobility of a population from one region or region to another. Migration is one of the driving factors of population growth rates because the displacement of human dwellings can have transient traits and some have a sedentary nature. Migration has 7 types when viewed from its type, namely:
Population has several types. If based on the type, the population is divided into 2 types, namely from the type of place and citizenship. Then based on the type of place the population is divided into 2 types, namely from birth and origin. Here are 2 types of residents based on their place, namely:
1. Asas ius soli
The principle of ius soli is a type of population that is seen based on where he was born. For example, on a KTP (Identity Card) it is written that someone was born in the city of Surabaya, but his identity card was issued in the city of Semarang and he inhabited and resided in Surabaya. If he adheres to the principle of ius soli, then he will say that he came from the city of Surabaya not from the city of Semarang.
2. Principle of ius sanguinsis
The principle of ius sanguinsi is a type of population that is seen based on where it originates. For example, for example, on a KTP (Identity Card) it is written that someone was born in the city of Surabaya, but his identity card was issued in the city of Medan and he had long lived and lived in the city of Surabaya. If the person adheres to the principle of ius sanguinis, then he will say that he is from the city of Medan not from the city of Surabaya.
Then, based on the type of citizenship it is further divided into 2 types of population, namely where his citizenship is and where his citizenship is. The following is an explanation of 2 types of population based on their nationality, namely:
Bipatride is a type of population based on 2 different nationalities owned by 1 person. This bipatride case usually occurs in someone who is a remigrant from another country.
That person has an identity card from a European country, but he still has a resident card that is still valid in Indonesia, so that person will still be considered to have 2 nationalities different. i
Apatride is a type of population that no country will ever recognize. This case of apatride in Indonesia occurs in a remigrant who has been deported because he committed a criminal act that has been repeated many times and is not recognized by any country. But he can still be recognized and considered an Indonesian citizen even though he does not have a residence card because he is from Indonesia.
Definition of Non-Population
non-residents are people who inhabit or live in a certain region or country for some time or in a short period of time.
Thus is our discussion this time regarding the understanding of the population, as well as factors that influence population density, type – type of population, as well as understanding of non-residents.
Hopefully you can better understand and understand well what the population is and also about the meaning of non-residents. Hopefully this article can be useful. Thank you 🙂
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