Definition of Political Culture
Do you know what is meant by Political Culture? Understanding political culture which is a pattern of public behavior and orientation towards political life, it can be in the form of administering state administration, customs, law, norms that are usually practiced by everyone in their daily lives and politics. government.
Not only that, some also say that understanding of political culture is a perception of every society in a country and will be manifested in a pattern of attitudes towards the political events that are taking place. Therefore, the understanding of other political cultures is a value that can be developed and practiced by the poor in politics .
Understanding Political Culture According to Some Experts
To better understand what is meant by political culture, you can refer to some of the opinions of the experts below:
1. According to Austin Ranney
Austin Ranney thought that the notion of political culture was a device of views on politics and government that could be held together. Political culture is also a pattern of orientations to political objects.
2. According to Moctar Massoed
Moctar Massoed assumed that the notion of political culture was an attitude and also the orientation of society that existed in a country to the life of government that existed in the country and its politics.
3. According to Alan R. Ball
Alan R. Ball considers that the understanding of political culture is an arrangement in which there are beliefs, emotions, attitudes and values of society that are closely related to existing political issues and political issues
4. According to Albert Widjaja
Albert Widjaja assumed that the understanding of political culture is a political aspect of the system of values in which there are knowledge, myths, superstitions, ideas and customs that have been agreed upon by half of the community. Political culture also gives rational so that it can reject or accept values or other norms.
5. According to Mirriam Budiardji
Mirriam Budiardji thinks that the notion of political culture is that of all political views, for example norms, patterns of orientation to politics and life views as usual.
Characteristics of Political Culture
The political culture found in a country can be seen from its characteristics. And usually the characteristics of the political culture are as below:
- Characteristics of political culture, namely a pattern of behavior of officials and government officials in a country.
- Characteristics of political culture, namely the existence of culture politics related to legitimacy problems.
- Characteristics of political culture, namely the existence of an element of power regulation contained in the government, it can exist in the center or in regions.
- Characteristics of political culture that is often the turmoil among the community when addressing a power that exists in the government.
- Characteristics of political culture, namely the existence of several political parties and also all activities in society.
- There are several political parties and also all activities in the process of making a policy made by the government.
Types of Political Culture
According to Rusadi Kantapraw ira there are 3 types of political culture, namely as follows:
1. Kuola's Political Culture
Kuola's political culture is a culture in which people are usually more advanced in their social and economic fields. Although in this culture the people of a country are still passive, but they have understood the existence of a political system and are obedient to the law and also the government officials.
You can see the characteristics of Kuola politics as below:  There is full awareness by the people of their government authority.
2. Political Culture of Participants
Understanding of participant political culture is a culture in which the community already has a high awareness of a system of politics, administrative and also the structure of the political process.
3. Parochial Political Culture
The notion of parochial political culture is a culture where the level of political participation of the people is still very low. This type of parochial political culture is also often encountered in traditional societies which have a simple nature.
An expert named Moctar Masoed and Colin Mc. Andrew also argues that Parochial politics often occur because people who do not know or are unaware of the existence of political systems and also government.
Examples of Political Culture
see from the types of political culture as above. And here are examples of cases from political culture:
1. Examples of Kuala Political Culture
After knowing what the notions of Kuala political culture are, we can see examples of this political culture as follows:
- Often do Golput  or not elect leaders at election times  Often do not dare to explain opinions about politics
- Often unaware of politics
- More passive or unwilling to participate in politics
2. Examples of Political Culture of Participants
After knowing what the understanding of the political culture of Participants is, we can see examples of this political culture:
- Always taking general elections
- Frequent demonstrations to express their aspirations
- Often active in political activities
- Ever played a direct role in political activity
3. Examples of Parochial Political Culture
After knowing what the meaning of Parochial political culture is, then we can see examples of this political culture as follows:
- Ignoring the existence of politics
- There are people in the interior who do not know their leaders
- No one cares about the interests of his people
- Often does not take part in general elections
Thus is the discussion of the notion of political culture and some of the important things contained in political culture. Hopefully this article can be of use to you.
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