Systems are collections of components that are interrelated and work together to achieve certain goals. The existence of a system is very influential on the information that will be generated. Where every information that will be produced will have its own value because it can produce useful data and knowledge.
With the system, it can facilitate a job in carrying out every activity that will be carried out. The existence of this system can help facilitate communication between individuals in each agency or group.
Besides understanding the system in general, it turns out the system also has several definitions according to experts. The system has a variety of meanings according to those expressed by some experts in the system . The following is an understanding of the system according to experts:
Murdick, RG which states that the system is an element that has procedures that are used in order to achieve common goals carried out to obtain the desired data and information.
According to Indrajit, the system is a collections and various types of components that are interconnected.
According to Davis GB, the system is a combination of various elements that have relationships to work together in order to achieve a target.
James Havery states that a system is a procedure logical and rational ones used to do or design something from a series of interconnected components.
According to Lani Sidharta, states that the system is a collection of various elements that are interrelated and interoperable to achieve a common goal.
Harijono Djojodiharjo defines a system as a gabuangan of an object that has a relationship both functionally and between objects as a whole that makes a unit that has a certain function.
Characteristics of the System
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The system can be said to be a system that is beneficial to human life if it can bring or provide a usefulness. To make it easier to study a system there are several system characteristics that can be known to be used as information knowledge. Where, here are some characteristics of the system in general:
1. Have a Purpose
The goal can be said to be a goal that must be achieved. In any context, goals always exist. Likewise in the system, the system will certainly have a purpose depending on what aspects of the system are used. Differences in system usage in a field can affect the purpose of the system.
2. Has a Limit
Boundary is one of the characteristics possessed by the system. Where the boundary is a limitation of a system to indicate the existence of a separation between the system and its external environment. With this limitation the system can be determined by its configuration, scope, and capabilities of the system itself.
These subsystems describe the existence of a system that is interrelated and related to each other. So that the process of achieving its goals will be easier.
4. There is an attachment
Just as with subsystems, in a system it will definitely have links between subsystems or other supporting components. This is so that the objectives of the system are more easily achieved.
In a system, there will certainly be characteristics that can be a sign that this is a system. By knowing the characteristics of the system, we will find it easier to achieve the goals we expect. Well, for this the following are some of the characteristics of the system:
As the main thing that must be present in a system, components become one of the important things. Because, although a system can provide many benefits, but it does not have the components that support it, the system will not be of value. Components in the system will vary in type and can be called sub-systems.
Limits in a system can describe the scope of the system. So that with this limitation, a system can run according to its function.
System environment that must be considered. Why? Because the environment of this system can be detrimental and can also benefit depending on the treatment given.
This interface is the link between the subsystems contained in the system. So that communication between subsystems can run well and support the objectives to be achieved.
Input or input is energy that is input into a system. Where this input is an important thing in the system in order to produce an output later.
Output or output is a result obtained from inputs that have been processed in a system.
Process is a stage during input processing until it becomes an output that can describe the achievement of the objectives of a system.
8. Objective and Goals
Objective and goals are an illustration of the objectives of a particular system. Where this goal can affect the users of the system because it can get useful and useful information.
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The system can be said to be an actual system if it has all the components that should exist . The components in the system are used so that a system can be run in accordance with the function and purpose. So that work involving the system can be easily done. For this reason, the following are the system components:
- Input, is input that can be any fact or data that can support the achievement of the objectives of a system.
- Process, useful information so that the system objectives can be achieved.
- Output, is the result obtained from a system. Where this output can be in the form of important information or other outputs that can describe the success of achieving the objectives of a system.
- Constraints, is a problem that can occur when the system is run, so there is a need to solve this problem.
- Control , is a monitoring system that is carried out so that no problems occur.
- Feedback, is a response given by the system when it is active.
In everyday life, you will find various systems. The following are examples of systems in everyday life:
- Online ticket messaging system, is a system used to facilitate consumers in ordering tickets online quickly and easily.
- Mbanking, is a one example of information systems in the banking world that is used to facilitate each transaction of its customers.
- The system of government, is used to regulate governance in the State of Indonesia. Where there are various interrelated stakeholders to achieve common goals.
- Economic systems, are interrelated systems in the economic field by having many stakeholders ranging from government, banks and others.
Now, when you know various kinds of knowledge about the system, so you will find it easier to know the various types of systems that exist in our daily lives. Hopefully this article will be useful for you.
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