Previously we talked about what is exposition text and several other related explanations. Well, in this article, I will explain the structure of the exposition text and its linguistic characteristics. P
You need to know that, when you are going to create an exposition text, we must follow the rules of the structure of the exposition text that has been determined. So, not just carelessly in the making.
What is exposition text? Exposition text is a paragraph that contains a number of information written in a solid, concise form. The aim is to explain information about a thing or event to readers. For more information about the structure of the exposition text, let's look at the explanation below.
Exposition Text Structure
The exposition text structure is the foundation or framework of an exposition text. So, the writer must follow this structure when writing an exposition text. Following below are 2 experts' views on the structure of the exposition text.
1. Keraf (1995: 9-10)
According to Keraf, there are three exposition structures namely: 1) introduction, 2) body exposition, and 3) conclusion.
2. Marahimin (1994: 208-210)
Besides Keraf, Marahimin also describes three structures expositions namely 1) thesis, 2) classes, and 3) conclusions.
As for, exposition text structure in general it can be seen in the explanation below.
1. Statement of Opinion (Thesis Statement)
Statement of opinion (statement of thesis ) is a section of text that contains a general statement from the author regarding a problem to be discussed in an exposition text. This section is also often referred to as the opening part. In addition, this section generally contains several things such as the understanding of a term, the views of the author, the problem and how to present the problem in the text.
Argument is a section of text that contains reason and data about the problems being discussed in order to strengthen the argument or the viewpoint of the author either accepting or rejecting an idea. Although to strengthen the author's argument, this part must still be objective and not take sides. So, it must still include factual and accurate information to the readers.
3. Reaffirmation of Opinion (Reiteration)  or Closing
Reaffirmation of opinion (reiteration) is a section of text that reaffirms the author's opinion statement written at the beginning of the paragraph and supports this statement through evidence and factual facts. This section is often referred to as the concluding part or conclusion of an exposition text.
Characteristics of the Exposition Text
What are the characteristics of the exposition text? The following are some of the characteristics of the exposition text that you need to know.
- Describes and describes a number of information or knowledge
- Writing style that is persuasive (inviting)
- Writing is objective and impartial certain things (not subjective). Writing does not impose the author's personal will or opinion
- Explanation described is based on facts that can be explained through logic or reasoning
- Provides a number of facts of information as a means of concretation and contribution
- Information explained is accompanied by accurate supporting data , can be accounted for and trusted
- Information in the text is conveyed in a clear and straightforward manner and in accordance with the rules of EYD (Enhanced Spelling) in force
- The language used in the exposition text is informative where the information in an exposition text must be packaged in a form short, solid, and directed. In short, the translation is written in 1945 to-the-point or without further ado.
- Generally answering the question ascadimega (what, who, when, where, why, how)
Examples of Exposition Text  MULTIPLE BENEFITS OF EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES
Extracurricular activities are educational activities outside of formal school subjects as a form of counseling services to help students develop themselves according to their needs, potential, their talents and interests are specifically carried out by educators or educational staff who are qualified and authorized in schools or madrasas.
These activities are usually carried out after the hours of teaching and learning are completed or on holidays. Meanwhile, the vision of extracurricular activities is to grow and develop the potential, talents, interests, and independence of students optimally which are expected to be useful for the students themselves, their families and also the community.
This extracurricular activity consists of a number of activities that can be chosen by students according to their needs, potential, talents, and interests. With this activity, students are given the opportunity to express themselves either independently or in groups.
There are various types of extracurricular activities including:
- Scientific works such as Youth Scientific Activities (KIR) , scientific mastery activities and academic and research abilities.
- Krida such as Student Leadership Basic Training (LDKS), Scouting, Heritage Heritage Lifters (PASKIBRAKA), Youth Red Cross (PMR).
- Training or talent competitions and achievements such as the development of talent in sports, arts and culture, love for nature, journalism, theater, language and religion.
- Seminars, workshops, and exhibitions or bazaars with substance include career, health, education, human rights protection, cultural arts and religious.
Various benefits of extracurricular activities that can be obtained by students who follow them in the form of knowledge / insight, experience and also abilities or skills. ian. Every extracurricular activity held certainly has the basics of knowledge such as physics, chemistry, mathematics or English. Extracurricular activities can run well and optimally if fostered by the right teacher and experienced in developing the talents and abilities of students.
Through this activity, the spirit of sportsmanship in students can be fostered through various competitions (such as futsal, basketball) both held internally in school or externally with other schools. In addition, this activity also teaches students how to organize even on a small scale.
Students will learn how to become leaders, administrators, or members in an organization. In fact, they can learn how to carry out an interesting event such as an extracurricular exhibition. There are many other positive things that can be obtained by students who take extracurricular activities properly.
In order for students to develop interests and talents through extracurricular activities, of course the selected activities must be tailored to the interests and talents of each student so they can boost optimal development of himself.
After that, related students must set targets to be achieved as self-motivation in order to continue to actively participate in the series of extracurricular activities. Follow these activities well and be obedient and accept the consequences with a sincere heart and grace because the choices taken must be accounted for. Arrange the best time between academic activities and extracurricular activities.
Well, hopefully the discussion of the structure of the exposition text along with the characteristics of the exposition text as explained above is useful. Thank you!
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