Betawi is one of the tribes in Indonesia which is a native tribe of its inhabitants who live in Jakarta. Similar to other tribes, Betawi also has its own culture and customs. One form of Betawi culture is its traditional house, the Kebaya house.
The Betawi people are descended from residents who lived in Batavia (a colonial name from Jakarta) since the 17th century. Biologically, people who claim to be the Betawi tribe are descendants of mixed blood (tribes and nations) brought by the Dutch to Batavia.
Well, in this article, we will discuss the Kebaya house along with its characteristics and uniqueness. For more information about the Betawi traditional house (Kebaya), let's look at the explanation below.
Betawi Traditional House (Kebaya)
Rumah Kebaya is a traditional Betawi house with a roof like folds of kebaya. It is referred to as the Kebaya house because the roof is shaped like a folded saddle and when viewed from the side, the folds will look like a fold of kebaya.
Although, basically, besides the Kebaya house, the Betawi tribe has other traditional houses such as Warehouse houses and houses Joglo but officially the traditional Betawi house is the Kebaya house.
Characteristics and Uniqueness
1. House Architecture
Rumah Kebaya was built while maintaining the philosophical values of the Betawi tribe even the selected building material also uses traditional rules to maintain its historical value. The distinctive features and uniqueness of the Kebaya house in terms of its architecture can be seen from foundations, walls, floors, roofs, ornaments, doors and also windows. The following is the explanation.
The foundation of the Kebaya house is made of stone that is installed (arranged) with a swear system. Then, bricks are used for the foundation on the wall. Meanwhile, for house columns made of jackfruit wood.
Walls in the Kebaya house are panels that can be opened and also moved to the edge of the building. Where the front wall is made of jackfruit wood or gowok wood while the color of the wall is usually yellow and green. Meanwhile, for other walls made of woven bamboo.
The floor of the Kebaya house was made higher than the surface of 1945 outside the house. That way, the water does not enter the house when it rains.
The roof of the Kebaya house is shaped like a saddle with a rather blunt tip. This roof is made of clay tile but there are also made of woven kirai leaves (atep). Then, to support the roof and the horses used lute wood or gowok wood.
Reng used as a roof tile holder, made of split bamboo. Whereas, the caso used as a batten holder, made from whole bamboo. Reng and kaso are installed using bamboo straps, namely bamboo which is split into a rope.
Rumah Kebaya has ornamental balang and banji teeth in every corner of the house. Teeth are triangular lined boards on the roof of a house as a symbol of hard work, honesty, crafts, and patience.
Doors and windows
Kebaya doors and windows in the form of wooden frames and horizontal jalousies. Jalusi means the air circulation hole that can be applied only to the top or it can be in the entire window and door of the house.
With this jalousie, the air in the house will remain fresh and air circulation is maintained so that the residents feel comfortable. These doors and windows are also large.
2. Room functions
Just like other houses, Kebaya houses also have several rooms with their respective uses. The following is an explanation of each of these rooms.
This room is a spacious terrace equipped with bale-bale. The floor is called gejogan which is a symbol of respect for the guests who come. There is a ladder that will connect the main house building to the area outside the house called "suji". Suji means conditioning and blocking the arrival of disasters into homes such as floods and snakes.
This room consists of 3 parts, namely the bedroom, the pangkeng and also the paseban. Pangkeng is a family room to relax and gather with family. Sedangan, paseban is a guest room but if there are no guests Paseban is functioned as a place of worship or musolla
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In Kebaya's back room there is a kitchen or srondoyan, room food, warehouse and yard. This room is usually allowed only by the homeowner and his family. Then, in the yard there is a well that is usually used for cooking, washing and bathing.
Side of the house
 Uniqueness of the Betawi Traditional House ” width=”600″ height=”336″/>
Uniquely, on the side of Kebaya house there is a special area for funeral of family members. The presence of a family tomb next to the house will make it easier for the family to care for and visit it and be a reminder that death can come anytime and anywhere.
3. Philosophical values
Rumah Kebaya has a spacious terrace with tables and chairs. The terrace illustrates that the Betawi people were people who were always open and friendly with others and always respected guests who came despite different beliefs and tribes.
Then, the fence at the Kebaya house illustrates that even though the Betawi community is people who are open but they also have restrictions. That is, they still distinguish between good (positive) and bad (negative). Simply put, the Betawi people will accept a good culture and leave a bad culture.
Well, hopefully the discussion about the Betawi traditional house along with its distinctive characteristics and the Betawi traditional house as explained above is useful. Thank you!
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