The Meaning of Morals
Morals are derived from the word Al Khulk, which in arabic means attitude, behavior or habit. Etymology is defined as the behavior of a person who is judged from his or her daily life to be done without coercion and purity from within. According to the Indonesian Dictionary, KBBI is moral or ethical.
Ethics According to Experts
In addition to the general definition, some scholars have expressed their views on moral meaning, some These are:
1. Muhammad Ali Assy Al Jurjani
The first understanding of morality came from Muhammad Ali Assy Al Jurjani. He says that morality is the nature of good and bad.
2. Ibn Maskawaih
Ibn Maskawaih's definition of morality is an existing or embedded characteristic of one's soul. Morals are capable of motivating the person to do something without the need for any consideration.
According to F Gabriele, morality is a moral value inherent in a human being. Morals are also often called manners or etiquette and manners.
4. Ahmad Bin Musthafa
Ahmad Bin Musthafa states that morality is a knowledge that can control the power that exists within a human being, namely the power of anger, orgasm and thinking.
5. Abu Hamid Al Ghazali
Another by Abu Hamid Al Ghazali says that morality is an inherited trait and gives birth to simple acts that need not be thought of if they wish to do so.
In terms of morality, it is defined as an existing trait. in a person who can be excluded without compulsion and reasoning from another's point of view.
Benefits and Purposes
There are several benefits and purposes of learning science commendable morals, some of which are:
1. Perfecting Faith
Praise is one of the ways of perfecting faith. A good Muslim is a man of noble character and imitates our model, the Prophet Muhammad.
2. Successful nation building
Good morals will make a better country. If the ranks of the government occupying an important position have good morals, then the country will be safe and at peace. There will be no form of deception such as corruption or abuse of power.
3. Creating peace in society
When everyone in a society has a commendable attitude, it will be easy to find peace. People who tolerate each other, respect others' opinions, and be honest will earn the reward of Allah SWT.
4. Obtaining priority on the Day of Judgment
There is a proposition that the virtuous people will gain priority on the Day of Judgment. Therefore, it is not wrong for us to improve our morals while living and having time in this world.
Divisions and Morals
There are two types of moral divisions, namely, the Moral and the Moral Morals
A. Morals of Humility
Morals are all kinds of praiseworthy or good human behavior. This is a moral code that is expected of all devout Muslims. There are many priorities in this simple moral code.
Praise is one of the marks of the perfection of faith. This good manners will be possessed by those who have strong faith in Allah SWT, because those who are close to Allah SWT are the ones who always follow the teachings of the Prophet. The Messenger of Allah always taught good manners to be a model for his people.
B. Morals of Morals
Contrary to simple morals, morality is an unpleasant behavior in front of others. Many people interpret morality as a behavior that should not be possessed by devout Muslims. The morality of the family is further classified into several types, namely Al Ghadlab, Ananiyah, Al Istikbar, Al Buhtan, Al Hasad and Al Ishraf.
1. Al Ghadlab
Al Ghadlab or grumpy is another type of Mazmumah morality. Anger is caused by blood boiling in the liver and requires a vengeance. The feeling of anger is always present in the human heart, but this should not make us an irritable human being.
What Ananiyah means is selfish. Humans are never satisfied with something they already have, so they always demand more. This is the root of selfish or ananiyah behavior. Good Muslims should not be selfish because they always need others.
3. Al Istikbar
Al Istikbar means arrogance and considers himself better than anyone else and refuses to acknowledge his own shortcomings. This action also results in the demeanor of others.
4. Al Buhtan
Like the fourth morality of the family is Al Buhtan or lie. This behavior was highly disliked by the community as it had many adverse effects. People with lying behavior will not be trusted by others.
5. Al Hasad
The next type of despair is Al Hasad or envy. Envy is a feeling of resentment when a person enjoys more pleasure than himself. In fact, if the pleasure is taken away from others, then neither will the self benefit. It is one of the deepest forms of greed that man has.
6. Al Ishraf
The last one was Al Ishraf. Al Ishraf has too much meaning, or wasted something that has no benefit. This often happens in everyday life, such as not eating and drinking, buying unnecessary things, and dressing prominently. Being modest will not make a human being low in the eyes of God, because what distinguishes it is the level of faith and devotion.
Praise and Disgrace Examples
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