Definition of Behavioristic Learning Theory
In behavioristic theory, learning is a change in behavior caused by a communication relationship between a response or a response and a stimulus or stimulus.
is a form of change that a student has experienced in a matter of his ability to behave using the latest methods as a result of the relationship between a response and stimulation.
In someone who is considered to have learned something, he can show differences in behavior. Based on this theory a very influential thing is input (input) which is output (output) and stimulus in the form of a response.
Based on this theory also, something that happens between stimulus and a response assume this is not too important to be noticed by because it cannot be observed and cannot be measured. Something that can be observed only stimulus and a response. Therefore, everything that is conveyed by the teacher or stimulus and what has been produced by the student or response, everything must be considered and measured.
Further Regarding Behavioristic Learning Theory
This behaviororistic theory prioritizes a measurement, because measurement is the most important thing to appear to be a change in behavior. In addition to measurement, there are still more important aspects, namely the strengthening aspect.
Some things that can strengthen the strengthening aspect are the emergence of a response. If the gain increases, then a response will become stronger. Vice versa, if reinforcement is reduced then a response will mutually amplify.
So, the reinforcement aspect comes from a formation on a stimulus that is very important if added (given) or reduced (eliminated) can allow a response to occur. This theory until now still controls the practice of learning in the State of Indonesia.
This can be clearly seen in the implementation of learning at the earliest level, namely as a study group, kindergarten (kindergarten), elementary school (elementary school) , SMP (Junior High School), High School (High School), even up to Universities, the formation of a behavior using habituation or can be called a drill can be accompanied by using reinforcement or punishment that is still very often done.
This theory sees that everything that already exists in this world is real that has been neatly structured and organized, so that a student or person who tries to learn must be faced with a fairly clear rules and have been strictly stipulated in advance. Habits and disciplines in learning have become very integrated in the method of learning so this learning is more often associated with discipline enforcement.
Behavioristic Learning Theory Figures
1. F. Skinner
According to Skinner's theory learning is the result of an interaction between a stimulus and a response in an environment that can cause changes in a person's behavior.
For example in its use in a teacher who gives a gift to students who become a most valuable so that students are more diligent in learning. This theory can be called the operant conditi.
2. Ivan Pavlov
To be able to produce this theory, a figure of Ivan Pavlov conducted this experiment on a dog. Learning according to Ivan Pavlov is a process of change that occurs due to the stimulus that causes a reaction. This theory can be called juag as a stream of classical coding.
3. Albert Bandura
Albert Bandura thinks that learning, the most important thing in being social and moral is the result of imitating and imitating behavior.
Albert Bandura sees in each individual behavior not merely an artificial reflex reaction in a stimulus, besides that there is also another cause, namely the result of from the interaction between an environment with its own cognitive framework. This opinion is often called social learning.
4. John B. Watson
Learning theory according to John B. Watson is the same as Thorndike which is the result of a process of interaction with a stimulus and a response, but a stimulus and a response must be formed based on observable and measurable behavior.  5. Edward Lee Thorndike
Edward Lee Thorndike often conducted an experiment on a cat that had been inserted into a cage whose door had been automatically made. Edward Lee Thorndike thinks that the way of learning is the result of an interaction process between stimulus and a response. This theory can be called the flow of connectionism.
Application of Behavioristic Learning Theory
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In Behavioristic learning theory there is an application. The following applies the Behavioristic learning theory based on the following theories:
- By determining the purpose and index of learning
- By analyzing a learning environment and introducing earlier knowledge to students
- By determining the material to be studied
- By describing a material in learning into sections, covering topics, each subject, and also sub-topics.
- By preparing learning material
- By giving stimulus to students
- By observing and deepening responses that have been spoken by students
- By giving either positive or negative reinforcement
- By giving repetitive stimulation
- By giving reinforcement
- Taking into account the learning outcomes of students
Examples of Learning Theory Behavioristic
For example in students who have not been able to do the making of NaOH solution as taught by an educator even though he has tried hard to try to make a NaOH solution in a good way.
The educator has taught it to students carefully, but even though it has been taught well if the student participant has not been able to understand or make what has been taught, then he or she cannot be considered already learning. Because of that he has not been able to show a change in deeds which as a result of learning.
That is some explanation of the notions of Behavioristic learning theory along with examples and application of Behavioristic learning theory, Hopefully the article can be a guide or reference in science you're looking for. Thank you and hope that it will be useful!
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