Banten Traditional House – Indonesia is rich in traditional houses that are very unique and also diverse. As previously discussed about the Bolon traditional house of the Batak tribe, North Sumatra. Next we move to Java, namely Banten. Banten area also has traditional houses with distinctive features and uniqueness. The Banten traditional house originated from a house inhabited by Baduy / Bedouin tribes with a distinctive form called Julang Ngapak .
The Baduy tribe itself is not a tribe that is open to outside communities. They are sometimes still closed with outsiders because they still adhere to the values of their ancestors since ancient times.
Long before the Banten province was formed, the Baduy people had inhabited or lived in the area for a long time. One proof is the existence of this Banten traditional house. For more details about Banten traditional houses. The following will be explained, see
Banten Traditional House
Nyanda Sulah is the term for Banten traditional house. Model of Baduy traditional house building like a house on stilts. The building is made of bamboo. And this traditional house is a symbol of the Baduy community. This traditional house has its own value for the Baduy people, namely as a place to take refuge and comfortable to live in. The area of this traditional house ranges from 100 to 120 square meters.
Similar to the Bolon traditional house from Batak, the construction of this traditional house was also carried out by community members. Because the sense of family is still deeply embedded in this tribe. This traditional house of Sulah Nyanda can only be built facing two directions, facing South and North and having to face each other. Because according to them the West and East direction is a sign that is not good.
The type of Baduy traditional house building is ready to use and knock down. Parts between buildings only use simple material, without using nails. Only using the technique paseuk such as on the foundation pillar, lincar, pananggeuy, panglari. This technique can strengthen the building. While parts of the walls, floors and roofs are also used raft techniques which are clamped or tied with ropes. So that this building is categorized as an elastic and flexible building.
Banten Traditional House Buildings
The contour of land found in Baduy community settlements is mostly uneven. . Baduy people stack rocks taken from the river so that the building can stand firmly and its function is to support buildings on land  which are uneven.
So if there is shrinkage the building is immobile. This shows that the Baduy people built a house according to the condition of the contour of the land where the building will be built.
The house pillar is made of large wood / beams. Usually used teak, akasi and mahogany, because the wood is strong to support the building and also the wood is not easily weathered. Not only is the support made of wood, but the floor is also made of wooden and bamboo boards that are tightly arranged and neat, which is called palupuh .
On the roof, fibers and bamboo blades are used. Besides that it is also made of leaves which are named nyanda. Nyanda means leaning in a state that is not straight, but stretching backwards. When the nyanda plague was installed in a long and low slope shape on the bottom frame of the roof.
Doors and also house rooms are made of woven bamboo which is vertically arranged and neatly woven. This technique is called the term sarigsig. But the technique only uses the approximate method, without the need to use quantitative measurements. In order to maintain the security of the house, usually arranged two woods that are made as bars. The crossing can be pushed and pulled from outside the building.
In a house building there is only one door complete with panto . Panto is woven from a bamboo blade that has a size of about a thousand fingers and is woven vertically so that it forms like a leaf door.
Most homes certainly have windows, but it is different from the traditional house on this one, a house without windows. According to the people of the Baduy tribe, the window is used to stare out of the house not as ventilation as the view of modern society .
Baduy people are very wise in utilizing nature, one of which is building this traditional Banten house , they mostly use materials provided by the universe according to their needs without destroying nature.
There are 3 parts of the Banten traditional house, namely:
- The front (sosoro), the place where the homeowner entertains visiting guests, the place to relax, or a place for weaving activities. It is located in a part of the house with an elongated shape to a wide part of the house.
- Middle section (1945,956] tepas place to eat, bed / place to rest for children. The shape is stretched to the back or to a long part of the house. The tepas and sosoro parts have no boundaries, so they will form the letter L.
- The back ( imah ) is a core part. The room is used as a place in important and special activities. This room is used for beds for husbands and wives namely hosts or can also be used as kitchens.
Characteristics of Banten Traditional Houses
- This traditional house building does not touch the ground
- Supported by stones which are used as supports for each pole.
- Woven bamboo is used as a wall.
- Generally it has two roof parts, the right roof and the left roof. The right roof is shorter in size while the left roof is longer in size.
- Coconut leaves or fibers are used on the roof.
- Without windows.
- Bamboo is used on the floor.
From the explanation of uniqueness and characteristics typical of traditional houses from the Banten region above, may our knowledge of Indonesian culture grow wider …
Nesabamedia.com is an online media that presents interesting content about computers, the internet, networks , android, website and several other topics related to the computer world.