Who does not know music ? Many people who like music in this world both music that contains sadness, happiness or other emotional expressions. As for the basis of the builder in the creation of a music referred to as elements of music. Well, in this article, I will describe the musical elements you need to know

Listening to music seems to have become a habit for some people. We usually tend to listen to music that fits our feelings as an expression of what we feel. Even though, that song makes us sad and crying, we still like it and even play it repeatedly.

For more information about 8 elements of music, let's look at the explanation below.

Music Elements

 Elements -Unsur Musik

As previously explained, music certainly cannot stand alone but it is built by the elements of music contained in it. These musical elements play an important role in the creation of a beautiful and pleasant music. Here below are 8 musical elements you need to know.

1. Melody


A melody is an arrangement of sequences of low-order, interval, and high tones that are logically sequential and rhythmic with a specific purpose / purpose. The melody itself consists of 1945 [pitch]pitch and duration. Pitch, which can be referred to as timbre or color of voice, is a regulator of a series of notes represented by the letters of the alphabet A – G. As for, duration is a certain time interval that is needed for the note to turn into a melody. Meanwhile, the tone is a sound color that is different from the notes produced by various musical instruments.

Melodies with good levels are melodies at intervals that are affordable by musical instruments and human voices where the melody is not too high and not too low.

2. Rhythm

Simply put, the rhythm also referred to as rhythm, is a decisive beat in music. However, in a more outward sense, the rhythm is a low high turn, short length, and loud (loud) soft tone or sound and repetition of sound in a series of music.

If you listen to songs repeatedly then you will be able to find the rhythm of the song. Usually, the rhythm in a song will make you move physically following it. You certainly have been good or unconscious, moving your feet, head or hands while listening to songs to keep up with the rhythm of the song you are listening to.

3. Birama

 birama is an element of music

Birama is part of a line of melody that shows how many repetitive beats or swings appear regularly at the same time in that section. An example is birama ¾ meaning is the notes for each segment of birama worth 3 beats which each beat is worth ¼.

Usually, a bar is limited by the bars. Meanwhile, the number above the "/" sign or denominator, is the tone value in one beat. Well, birama whose even denominator value is referred to as banair birama, while birama which is an odd denominator is called birama tenair.

4. Harmony


Simply, harmony is a form of harmony of sounds or sounds. In a broader sense, harmony is a set of tones which, if played simultaneously, will create a sound that is harmonious and pleasant to hear in its entirety.

Harmony consists of interval and chord elements. The interval is a three-tone arrangement that, if played simultaneously, will sound harmonious. Whereas, chords that will be a melody accompaniment, without a chord, a music will be like losing half his life and will sound out of harmony.

If you are hearing a song sung by a singer with a musical instrument, try to see if the song is heard beautiful? If so, it means that the mix of sound created between the instrument and the song is in harmony. That is an example of a harmonious song.

5. Tempo


Tempo is a measure of the speed of a song where the faster a song is played, the greater the tempo of the song. In musuk art, the tempo is divided into 8 categories:

  • Largo (Slow Once)
  • Lento (Slower)
  • Adagio (Slow)
  • Andante (Moderate)
  • Moderato (Moderately Fast)
  • Allegro (Fast)
  • Vivace (Faster)
  • Presto (Very Fast)

In making and delivering songs / music, tempo is the main thing to note because we have to ensure that there is a song's speed sung with the accompaniment of the music. Do not let the singer bring the song faster or longer than the music accompaniment.

As for, the size of the tempo is beat. Beat itself is a beat that shows the number of beats in one minute. An example is if a song is delivered with MM 60 beat, it means that in one minute there are 60 beats.

6. Stairs of Tone


Scales are a set of tones arranged in a multilevel or ladder like a ladder, starting from one of the basic tones to the octave like do, re, mi, fa, so , la, si and do. The scales themselves consist of 2 types namely diatonic and pentatonic. Diatonic scales are composed of 7 pieces with 2 types of distances namely 1/2 and 1. Meanwhile, the pentatonic scales are composed of 5 notes with a certain distance.

7. Dynamics


Dynamics is a sign to play a volume (loud) or soft tone. Usually, dynamics are used to show feelings or emotions contained in a composition such as cheerful, sad, flat, or aggressive. With this dynamic, listeners can absorb the emotions contained in a song.

8. Timbre

 timbre is one of the elements of music

Timbre is the quality or color of sound in the art of music which is strongly influenced by the way it vibrates and the source of the sound. In other words, this timbre will depend on the musical instruments used. So, even though it is played in the same vein, timbre produced by a wind instrument will produce a different sound from a stringed instrument.

Well, hopefully the discussion of musical elements as explained above is useful . Thank you!


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