Culture in Indonesia is indeed very much because culture is a tradition or habit created by a group of people or a particular community that is inherent and characteristic of the area where the community lives.
One of Indonesian culture is a traditional house. The house does have its own characteristics in each area. One of them is a traditional house that has a unique characteristic in the city of Yogyakarta.
Yogyakarta traditional house does have its own characteristics in each type of traditional house in Yogyakarta. The following are some types of traditional houses from Yogyakarta along with the characteristics that we can know together.
4 Yogyakarta Traditional Houses and Its Characteristics
Following are some types of traditional houses or traditional houses from Yogyakarta along with the characteristics of the houses they have:
1. Rumah Joglo
Rumah Joglo is the most popular traditional traditional house from Java and this type of house characterizes the traditional house of Yogyakarta. This Joglo house building has a large size, made of wood which is dominant. The distinctive design form of the Joglo house is the use of a barbed rebar that extends upward which is also called the intercropping bladar.
This building has 4 main pillars which are placed in the middle called sakaguru. Also the framework has a function as a reinforcement and building angles so that it cannot be shifted from its position, this skeleton is called sunduk kili. The position of the framework is placed at the end of the sakaguru and under the axle. If on each side there is a duck, this duck is called by the name of a collector or called a kendhit / belt. The design of the joglo house has a square size.
The joglo house consists of 3 parts, the first is a meeting room, called the pendapa, the central room or the wayang / ringgit stage, named pringgitan, and the room at the back is given the name omah jero or palace which is used as a family room.
In this family room there are 3 rooms or chambers, in the first chamber called by the name sentong kiwo or the left chamber, for the second chamber is called the middle setong, or the middle chamber while the right chamber called sentong tengen. For the nobles, the room on the left and right of the family room there is a small building with an elongated shape often called by the name gandok. This small building has many rooms.
2. Traditional House of Kencono Palace Palace
House of Kencono Palace House is one of the traditional houses of the Yogyakarta Special Region. Besides this house is known as the residence of the King, Bencal Kencone when we glance is similar to a joglo house but the size of this house is wider, wider and bigger.
The second traditional house of Yogyakarta has the addition of a little architecture typical of China, Portugal and the Netherlands, but overall we can still see it as a house with Javanese characteristics. Distinctive features are clearly seen from the top, the walls of the house and also the pillars that are built in the house.
The top of the Kencono Ward House has a design similar to a Javanese house, for the building and the foundation is high so the building must be supported with 4 poles on the middle, this pole is often referred to as the Soko Guru.
Material used to make tiles made of clay or shingles, while for the walls and also poles are made of wood that has the best quality. For the pillars usually have black and dark green, and at the top of the stone base has a golden black color. For floor material made of marble or granite with a structure that is higher than other surfaces.
Characteristic of the traditional house of Kencono Ward Yogyakarta:
- Size of the House, in this house has a design similar to a hermitage which is useful for a place lived a family from the kingdom in ancient times, so making the size of the building of the house has a size in every room that is large and spacious or in accordance with the needs of each room. green plants, besides that there will be a bird cage. This design shows a philosophy that prioritizes love for nature. As for the dominant motive in this house is the nuances of nobility that are combined with the culture of Europeans, especially Portuguese, Dutch and Chinese and there are also Hindu nuances.
- For the function of the Kencono Ward is quite a lot, besides being used for a residence from the family kingdom originating from Yogyakarta, this house is also a place or center for the holding of traditional ceremonies or rituals of the diversity of the surrounding community.
3. Rumah Limasan
The Limasan house is a traditional traditional house that is often used by the community in Yogyakarta. This traditional house has a simple design and does not require a lot of money in the making of his house. Limasan comes from the word limolasan which means five dozen. This simple calculation is used to make a house with a small size. Which means the limasan house has a size of 5 meters and 3 meters.
This limasan house usually has a molo which is the framework of the house at the top that has a long straight shape at the end of the roof. This molo is likened to the head of a human. Therefore before molo is paired no one can step over, because this is taboo. This is part of the limasan house which is considered very sacred and sacred by the people of Yogyakarta. If the molo is 10 meters in size, the bladar used must have a size of 15 meters. In the development of the limasan house up to now has a form of design that adapts to the needs of the homeowner. In the back room consists of a room called the left chamber or sentong kiwo, the middle chamber is called the middle sentong and finally the right chamber or sentong tengen.
Additional rooms in this house will be placed in the left or right chamber. For farmers, the left chamber is used to store agricultural equipment, while the middle chamber is used to store agricultural products, and finally the right chamber is used for bedrooms.
4. Rumah Kampung
Kampung house is a house consisting of a buffer made of poles with an amount corresponding to the decoration to be made. The cost of this type of house only requires 8 poles or so-called pillars.
For the upper part, there are two sides on the top of the house. The development of village houses has undergone many changes and variations in accordance with the development of modern times and depends on the owner of the house.
That is the explanation of the traditional house of Yogyakarta and its characteristics. Hope it is useful.