In studying Indonesian, surely you have found material direct sentences and indirect sentences. This sentence is often used in our daily lives.
Sentences are from phrases or words that have 2 elements, namely subject and predicate. When we read an article or essay, surely we encounter various types of sentences, one of which is a direct sentence and an indirect sentence. Simply put, a direct sentence is interpreted as a sentence whose quotation results from someone similar to what he has said.
Whereas an indirect sentence is a sentence that is conveyed back from the contents of a person's words and does not repeat the words that he had said before. Direct sentences and indirect sentences also have characteristics in writing them.
Therefore, this article will explain to you the features of direct and indirect sentences along with examples.
Examples of Direct Sentences and Indirect
One of the types of sentences that we use in daily life are direct and indirect sentences. Below are the characteristics and examples of direct sentences and indirect sentences:
Characteristics of Direct Sentences
Just like what was said at the beginning of this article, direct sentences are sentences whose quotations are taken directly from someone's words and not through an intermediary and do not change the bit he is saying.
And to distinguish direct sentences from other sentences, there are characteristics of writing the direct sentence. Here are the characteristics of the writing:
1. The first letter in the sentence taken is written in capital letters.
- Example of the correct sentence: Mr. Wagiso said, " Do not enter the cave area, because there is a large snake there!"
- Example of wrong sentence: Mr. Wagiso said, " do not enter the cave area, because there is a large snake there!"
And if in one sentence there are two or more excerpt sentences, then the first letter to capital letters are written, that is enough in the first sentence only. In the second sentence, the first letter of the word is written in small letters. This is except if the first word is the name or greeting.
Examples of correct sentences are as follows:
"Do not enter the area!" Mr. Wagiso shouted, " because there is a snake in it."
"Run!" Doni shouted beside Mr. Wagiso, " Mr. Wagiso let's run!"
Examples of wrong sentences are as follows:
"Do not enter the area!" Mr. Wagiso shouted, " Because there is a snake in it."
"Run!" Doni shouted beside Mr. Wagiso, " Mr. Wagag Let's run!"
2. Writing the sentence excerpt is opened and closed using double quotation marks ("…"), not using quotation marks
Examples of correct sentences are as follows:
" Don't do error! " Budi commemorates his subordinates.
Examples of incorrect sentences are as follows:
' Don't make mistakes! ' Budi commemorates his subordinates. 19659018] 3. Direct sentences are usually read by emphasizing their intonation, especially in the sentence passage
Direct sentences have two sentences in them, namely quotation and accompanying sentences.
Examples are such as:
Lieutenant pronounced firmly, " Salute to weapons! "
The word" Salute to weapons! "Must be read in a high tone. This is so that the phrase can get the attention of the listener, given that when we say the direct sentence the main thing that will be conveyed is in the quote sentence.
4. Separating excerpts and accompanying sentences must use comma punctuation marks (,) between the accompanying sentences and also the sentences sentences in the composition pattern
And the thing you need to remember is, if a quote sentence is written before the accompanying sentence is a news sentence or sentence statement. Therefore the previous quotation marks are at the end.
It must be remembered that if a quotation sentence written before the accompanying sentence is a statement or news sentence, then before the last quotation mark, the sentence ends with a comma (,) not a period () .). Period punctuation (.) Is used to end a news sentence or statement in a quotation sentence written after the accompanying sentence.
5. Direct sentences can also be in the form of dialogs that can be sorted, and at the front of the quotation sentences must be punctuated with a colon (:). And this sign is useful to be able to separate between the party that reveals the quote sentence
Example sentences namely:
Budi: "Let's build a tent right now!"
Example of Direct Sentences
Below is an example of a direct sentence:
- "Let's go now!" Said Rita while tidying up the contents in her suitcase.
- Budi ran towards Mr. Wono and said, "Sir, Rudi accident crossing the road there sir. "
- " Hopefully this year you can go on the pilgrimage yes, son, "Mother looked at the painting of the Ka'bah that was posted on the wall," I really want to see the Kaaba directly. " Aryo: "Bud, please get my book in your locker, yes"
- "Thank you for coming to this event," said Aryo welcoming the guests who came.
Characteristics of Indirect Sentences
 Indirect sentences are money sentences in which retell the subject or content of words that have been spoken by someone. This sentence does not need to quote the entire sentence.
Following are the characteristics of the indirect sentence:
1. Do not use quotation marks
If in direct sentences, the quoted word must use quotation marks, it is different from indirect sentences, because it does not require quotation marks.
2. Indirect sentences are only in the form of news sentences
Indirect sentences are the words of someone who is re-delivered, and sentences that are made only in the form of news sentences . Although in the indirect sentence there is a quote that originates and takes the form of an order or question.
Examples such as:
Lani gives kanar to the teacher that Lita cannot go to school because of illness.
3. There is a change in the person pronouns in the sentence to be quoted
The pronouns are like the first person pronouns turned into third person pronouns, the second person pronouns change to first person pronouns, and pronouns the second person plural such as the word (us) and (you) turn into the word (us) and the word (them).
4. Saying straightforwardly and using the word conjunction or conjunction
The word conjunction is used as a cause, that, that, so, about, etc.
Examples are like:
Father told me that I must diligently saving for the future.
5. Indirect sentences are generally read with intonation and also decreases at the end of the sentence
That is because sentences are made asalah news sentences, therefore indirect sentences must be read with intonation like reading news sentences in general.
Because news sentences in all parts of the sentence are often considered to have similarities, there are no phrases that are highlighted or get the attention of the listener.
Examples of Indirect Sentences
] Below is an example of an indirect sentence:
- Andi once told Clara that he had to take part in extracurricular activities at school
- Budi told me that I take vitamin C to prevent illness
- The police officer threatened a thug not to commit acts of theft again
- Father delivers grandfather's message to grandmother un not to clean the fishpond now
- Brother believes that a corruptor must receive the most severe punishment
Thus the explanation of examples of direct and indirect sentences along with its characteristics. Hopefully this article is useful for you.