Football is the most popular sport in the world. The main objective of the game of football is to score as many goals as possible, so that the team can get a win. Because, football has a referee in charge of regulating the course of the match and adjudicate when violations occur.
Now, in order to play well on the field, we need to know the rules in the game of football. The following is a complete description of the rules of soccer.
Soccer Rules 1: Field Match
Field matches are the most important element in soccer games. The size of the playing field depends on the scale of the match, if the scale is still national, then the playing field will follow the rules set by Indonesian Football Association (PSSI) .
Whereas for international scale matches, the playing field will follow rules set by the International Football Federation (FIFA). The following is the size of the field for both national and international matches.
International Field Match Size
- Field length: 100-110 meters
- Field width: 64-75 meters
- Goal height: 2.44 meters
- Goal width: 7.32 meters
- Penalty box size: 40.3 x 16.5 meters
Field size National Level Match
- Field length: 90-120 meters
- Field width: 45-90 meters
- Goal height: 2.44 meters
- Goal width: 7.32 meters
- Penalty size: 40.3 x 16.5 meters
Soccer Rules 2: Number of Players
The number of players in football is 11 core players. This amount applies to national and international matches. In a soccer game there is 1 player who will be a goalkeeper, 2-5 players as a defender, 2-5 players as a midfielder, and 1-3 players will be a striker. If there are less than 7 players, then the match cannot continue.
Soccer Rules 3: Ball
Balls used in soccer games generally have the same material and size , ie the ball is made of leather with a weight ranging from 396 – 453 grams and the circumference of a circle ranging from 68 – 71 cm.
Soccer Rules 4: Soccer Player Equipment
Each player (excluding goalkeeper) in soccer game uses attributes or uniforms, ranging from a jersey (sportswear), shorts, a pair of socks, and shoes. Besides clothes, field players also need additional attributes such as shin guards. And the team leader must also wear the armband as a marker.
For the goal keeper himself has different attributes. The goal keeper needs to wear a jersey with a different pattern from other players' jersey and protective gloves. Goalkeepers are also permitted to wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
Soccer Rules 5: Referees
The referee is a judge who has a neutral duty to regulate and judge the course of the game. The following is the referee's duty during the match:
- With the assistant referee controlling the course of the match
- Making sure the ball is according to the rules
- Making sure the player has the appropriate attributes
- postponed, terminated, and terminated
- Judge if violations have occurred
Soccer Rules 6: Referee Assistant
In a soccer match, a referee is also assisted by two assistant flag bearers. The assistant referee or commonly called linesman will help the referee oversee the course of the match. The flag owned by the assistant referee serves as a marker if there is an exit ball, offside or a corner kick.
Soccer Rules 7: Match Duration
Football matches consist of two rounds, each of which the round lasts 45 minutes. During the match, time will continue even after violations have occurred, substitutions, ball out, etc.
However, at the end of the match, the referee has the right to give extra time in lieu of lost time. Between the two rounds, there is a 10-15 minute break before continuing to the other round.
Soccer Rules 8: Beginning and Resumption of Match
Generally, the initial mark and resumption of the match are marked with kick off or initial kick taken in the middle of the field. Kick off is carried out to start the match, continue the match after a goal is scored, and start the game after a break or after extra time due to an incident.
The team that will play kick off is determined by the results of the coin drawing conducted by the two captains, with a referee as supervisor. When players kick kick off both teams must be on their respective sides of the field.
Soccer Rules 9: Ball In and Out of Field Area
Ball entry is a state where the ball can still be played. Whereas the exit ball is a state where the ball cannot be played. The ball is said to be active as long as the ball continues on the field, even though the ball bounces towards the goalpost, crossbar, etc.
As long as the ball returns to field after bouncing, the ball can be said to be still active. While inactive balls occur when the ball leaves the field across the goal line or internal lines, incidents, violations, etc.
Soccer Rules 10: Goal Method
Goals that are done by players can be legal or illegal. A goal is said to be legal or legal if the ball crosses the goal line the team is facing. Whereas a goal is considered illegal if the player from the team who committed the goal has committed a previous offense or the opposing player has committed a foul before the ball crosses the goal line.
Soccer Rules 11: Direct Free Kick and Indirect Free Kick
Direct free kick is a kick given after a violation from the opposing team. Direct free kicks are used because they allow the player to score. To reduce the ball's speed, opposing players may form a wall to stem the ball. Whereas indirect free kicks are kicks given after occurrence offside .
Soccer Rules 12: Throwing in
Throwing in is done when the ball comes out of the field. Throwing can only be done using both hands, not using legs or headers.
Soccer Rules 13: Goal Kick
Goal kicks are a type of goal kick kick taken in the penalty area. This kick is taken because of the last contact of the opposing player before crossing the outside goal line.
Soccer Rules 14: Corner Kick
As the name implies, corner kicks are kicks taken in the corner of the field. Corner kick or corner kick is given to the attacking team after the ball leaves the field due to contact with the opposing team. In addition to penalty kicks and direct free kicks, corner kicks are also a type of kick that has great potential for scoring goals.
Soccer Rules 15: Deviations and Offenses
Violation is an act of a player that is considered unethical and will be punished. Examples of violations include tackling the opponent, handsball, pushing the opponent, pulling the opponent's shirt, and so forth. Each team that commits an offense can be given a yellow or red card.
Violations or serious irregularities will be given a yellow card, which can be a direct free kick from the opposing team. While violations that damage the game or affect the final result will be given a red card.
Soccer Rules 16: Offside
Offside is not a form of violation in a soccer match, but rather a condition in which a player receives a passing ball when in position overtake the backmost player.
Soccer Rules 17: Penalty Kick
A penalty kick is a kick given in the event of a foul in the penalty area. This kick is done 11 meters from the opponent's goal.
A penalty kick is considered to have great potential for scoring goals, so this kick is the most popular and expected player. In addition to being awarded as a result of a violation, penalty kicks can also be made to determine the match victory that ends in balance.