Home / Computer / 15+ Types of Flowers and Their Explanations + Pictures [LENGKAP]

15+ Types of Flowers and Their Explanations + Pictures [LENGKAP]

Because of their beauty, many people like flowers. Not only that, some flowers have a very fragrant odor and are also good for health and beauty. There are various types of flowers with various colors and shapes as well. Well, in this article, we will discuss 15,9003 types of flowers and their explanations.

Literally, flowers are a means of sexual reproduction in flowering plants (Anthophyta or Magnoliophyta). That is, flowers are a part of the plant that produces seeds.

Its reproductive organs are stamens and pistils. So that we can understand more about flowers, we should begin to know some of them. For further explanation of the types of flowers, let's look at the explanation below.

Types of Flowers and their Descriptions

1. Jasmine Flower

 Jasmine flower

Scientific Name : Jasminum
Family : Oleaceae
Kingdom : Plantae
Order [1945914]: Lamiales
Class ]: Magnoliopsida

Jasmine flowers are ornamental flowers in the form of perennial erecting shrubs ( perennial plants) . This flower lives in shrubs and includes vines in the olive family. The height of the flower stem branch reaches 5 cm and the stem is also very soft.

Jasmine flowers consist of 3 colors, yellow, pink and white. These tiny sized flowers have a very fragrant and special aroma which is believed to be able to relieve stress.

Jasmine flowers that are white have a variety of leaves and there are leaves that grow on the right or left. Meanwhile, the trunk is arranged like a fish fin. The leaves have strands with the ends of the leaves are half round with a base that is slightly sharp then the stem is round.

2. Roses


Scientific Names : Rosa
Family : Rosaceae
Kingdom : Plantae
Order : Rosales
Class : Magnoliopsida

Roses are a type of shrub plant of the genus Rosa which is generally spiny or elongated plants reaching a height of 2 to 5 meters. There are 100 more species of wild roses that are mostly grown in the northern hemisphere, which has cool air. If roses propagate to other plants, the height can be up to 20 meters.

These roses produce an aggregate fruit (developing from one flower with many pistils) called rose hips . Well, some rose species such as Rosa canina and 1945 rugosa produced a rose hips fruit that was very rich in vitamin C (among the richest natural sources of vitamin C). ) This fruit-eating bird likes rose hips so that it helps spread rose seeds along with the bird's excrement like finches.

There are several types of roses namely red, peach (yellowish pink) – yellow), and yellow. Red roses are used as a symbol of expressing love & admiration and showing respect. Peach roses describe politeness, warmth and seriousness. Whereas, yellow roses describe calm, caring and friendship. Usually, roses consist of 5 leaf crowns except Rosa sericea which only has 4 leaflets. Ovarinya located at the bottom of the crown and leaves of the petals.

Most species of roses have leaves that are 5-15 cm long with two-two leaves opposite (pinnate). The leaves are compound, meaning that each leaf stalk consists of 3 or 5 to 9 or 13 leaves and stipules which are oval-shaped, the ends are pinnate, the edges are pointed, the tips of the leaves are tapered, and thorns on the stem are close to land .

3. Sunflowers


Scientific name [1945914]: Helianthus annuus
Family : Asteraceae
Kingdom : Plantae
Order : Asterales
Genus : Helianthus

Sunflowers are annual plants of the family Asteraceae which can be used as ornamental plants, producing oil, fertilizer and feed.

These flowers are usually large with height reaching 3-5 m , bright yellow and also a large flower head with diametes can reach 30 cm. This flower originating from northern Tropical America (Mexico) is a national interest of Ukraine and also the official interest of the state of Kansas United States.

This interest includes blended compound flowers from hundreds to thousands of small flowers on one hunk. In their activities, these flowers are usually always leaning toward the sun which is called heliotropism. In addition, the leaves are single lebal and the stem is usually overgrown with coarse hair, rarely branching and erect.

Sunflower fruits are brackets ( achene ) with walls that are rather hard and not too thick. This fruit is often mistaken for seeds even though the seeds are actually located inside and protected by fruit such as shells.

4. Tulips


Scientific names [1945914]: Tulipa
Family : Liliaceae
Kingdom : Plantae
Order : Liliales
Genus : Tulipa

Tulips are annual bulbous plants which belong to the Liliaceae family with a height of 10 – 70 cm, large flowers consisting of 6 crown leaflets and waxy leaves, narrow elongated shaped blue-green tints.

Flowers It originates from Central Asia and grows wild in the Pamir mountains and mountains of Hindu Kush and steppes in Kazakhstan. Tulips are the national flowers of Iran and Turkey. Tulips in the Netherlands are very developed and worldwide so that the Netherlands is known as the country of tulips.

Round flower tulip seeds are wrapped in dried capsules. Tulips resulting from crosses produce single, orange, yellow, red, blue, green, purple tulips or various other combinations and gradations of color.

Writing flowers are divided into 4 types when viewed from the leaves of the crown, tulips have leaves crown that does not open when it blooms (still like a bud), the crown leaves are wide open when in bloom, the edges of the crown are curved, and the edges of the crown are pointed.

5. Moon Orchid

 moon orchid [1945955] </p>
<p> <b> Scientific name [1945914]: Phalaenopsis amabilis <br /><b> Family </b>: Orchidaceae <br /><b> Kingdom </b>: Plantae <br /><b> Order </b> : Asparagales <br /><b> Genus </b>: Phalaenopsis </p>
<p> Moon orchids are monopodial orchid plants that like and need a little sunlight to support their lives. This flower is one of Indonesia's national flowers which was first discovered by a Dutch botanist, Dr. C.L. Blume. </p>
<p> Moon orchids have elongated green leaves with long, round white roots that feel like flesh. Epiphytic life by attaching to tree trunks or branches in forests and flourishing up to 600 meters above sea level. </p>
<p> These flowers can be found in Malaysia, Papua, Indonesia, the Philippines and Australia. It feels a little fragrant in the flowers. The flower bloom is long and can grow to reach a diameter of 10 cm more. </p>
<h3><span class= 6. Lotus Flower

 lotus flower

Scientific name [1945914]: Nymphaea
Family : Nymphaeaceae
Kingdom : Plantae
Order : Nymphaeales
Class [1945914]: Magnoliopsida

The lotus flower known as water-lily or waterlily (in English) is a water plant of the family Nymphaeaceae. Lotus flowers and leaves are on the surface of the water with stems of rhizomes that are in the mud on the riverbed, ponds or swamps.

The flowers are on stalks which are extensions of rhizomes with a flower diameter of 5-10 cm. The lotus stalk itself is in the middle of the leaf. The surface of the leaves does not contain a layer of wax so that the water on the surface of the leaf does not form water droplets. Then, the leaves are round or a wide oval cut on the fingers to the stalks.

You need to know that the more muddy the water is overgrown with lotus, the more bright the flowers will be. So, if the flowers are pink, they will get pinker, if they are white, they will get whiter.

7. Natural Flowers

 Natural flowers [1945959] </p>
<p> <b> Scientific names [1945914]: Allamanda cathartica <br /><b> Family </b>: Apocynaceae <br /><b> Kingdom </b>: Plantae <br /><b> Order </b>: Apocynales <br /><b> Genus </b>: Allamanda </p>
<p> Alamanda flowers are a type of ornamental plant which belongs to a group of woody shrubs with a height that can reach 2 meters. These flowers are often also referred to as golden trumpets, yellow bells, or buttercup flowers. Can be found in areas around rivers or open areas that are exposed to a lot of sunlight with sufficient rainfall and high humidity throughout the year. <sup id=

Alamanda comes from Central and South America and is found in Brazil. The leaves are pointed at the end with a rough surface and reach 6-16 cm in length. In addition, usually, there are three or four leaves on the natural flowers. The flowers are yellow and shaped like trumpets with diameters reaching 5 – 7.5 meters.

8. Bunga Wijaya Kusuma

 Types of Flowers

Scientific Names : Epiphyllum anguliger
Family : Cactaceae
Kingdom : Plantae
Order : Caryophyllales [19659008] Genus
: Epiphyllum

Wijayakusuma or Bunga Wiku flowers are a type of cactus plant belonging to the class dicotiledoneae. This flower originates from tropical America (Caribbean and Venezuela), living in temperate to tropical climates. In addition, this flower can also be used to reduce pain, neutralize blood clotting, and accelerate abscess wound healing.

Etymologically, Wijayakusuma consists of two words namely wijaya and kusuma . In Old Javanese, wijaya means victory or success while kusuma means interest. Wijayakusuma flowers only bloom overnight except for hybrids that can last 2-3 days. Usually, this flower knob starts to open after the sun sets, and begins to bloom perfectly at 10:00 p.m.

The flowers are 10 cm in diameter and white. The fruit is round in red while the seeds are black. The trunk is formed by strands of leaves which are sprayed then shrink with cylindrical stem. Leaf widths range from 13-15 cm and stem height can reach 2-3 meters.

9. Ashoka flowers

 Asoka flowers

Scientific names [1945914]: Saraca asoca
Family : Fabaceae
Kingdom : Plantae
Order : Fabales
Class [1945914]: Magnoliopsida

Ashoka flowers are a type of plant where the flowers grow on large branches in a cluster and line with the stamens sticking out like fireworks. The color of Asoka flowers that are often found are yellow, red and orange.

Usually, the Asoka flower tree will emit a sweet smell on the night of April and May throughout the year. Asoka blooms before the rainy season where the flowers can last for 3-4 months. Asoka stems are quite hard with a height of 7 meters while the leaves are oval with pointed tips and also compound.

10. Cempaka Kuning flower

 yellow cempaka flower

Scientific Name [1945914]: Magnolia champaca
Family : Magnoliaceae
Kingdom : Plantae
Order : Magnoliales
Species [1945914]: M. champaca

Yellow cempaka flowers are a type of plant with fragrant and yellow or yellowish-white flowers. This petal is useful for treating heartburn, bad breath / mouth, kidney stones. Meanwhile, the wood skin is useful for irregular menstruation and fever. And the flowers are useful as a scent for hair care.

The height of the yellow cempaka flower tree reaches 15-25 meters. At the base of the flower in the form of a pole there are fruit and stamens separated by a space. There are more than 20 fringed, hairy, flat egg shaped fruits, and have many ovules.

11. Anemone flowers

 Anemone flowers

Anemone flowers are a type of ornamental plant that can be found in Indonesia, Europe and Japan. In Greek, anemone means "wind flower". Based on Roman mythology, the anemone came from the tears of Aphrodite (the goddess of love) who wept over Adonis's death. This flower is believed to be the bearer of good luck and also protection from evil.

This flower is often found during weddings as a hand flower (the interest carried by the bride when entering the altar and throwing it at the party). This is because this flower is also a symbol of hope.

Later, in this flower there are several chemicals such as saponins, triterpenes, Anemonin, Okinalin, Okinalein, stigma-sterols, B-sitosterol, Hederaginin, oleanolic acid, arabinose, galactose , glucose, and rhamnose. This flower can be used to reduce heat, treat ulcers, sores, appendicitis, inflammation of the intestine, dysentery, boils, sores, wasp stings, and also snake bites.

12. Gerbera Flowers

 Gerbera Flower Types

Scientific Names [1945914]: Gerbera
Family : Asteraceae
Kingdom : Plantae
Order : Asterales
Genus : Gerbera

Gerbera ( Gerbera L.) is a type of ornamental plant that includes many years (perennial) shrubs with leaves that are elongated and green where the edges of the leaves are large serrated.

The word "Gerbera" is taken from the name Traugott Gerber, a German doctor. Meanwhile, the species name Gerbera jamesonii (Barberton daisy) comes from the name of the plant collector, Robert Jameson who was the inventor of this plant in the Transvaal province, South Africa.

Gerbera consists of about 2,000 cultivars with flowers that have a shape which is diverse and the diameter is between 5-12 cm. This flower has a large capitulum which became the subject of two layers of crown leaves (floret ray ) which are long in orange, yellow, pink, red, white, pink salmon, and purple.

This flower contains a derivative of a natural coumarin chemical compound and is often used as a learning material about flower formation.

13. Camellia Flower

 Camellia Flower

Scientific Name [1945914]: Camellia
Family : Theaceae
Kingdom : Plantae
Order : Ericales
Genus [1945914]: Camellia

Camellias are a type of plant that is famous for its beauty and properties. In Japan, camellias are highly valued and even dubbed "Japanese rose". This flower even became the official flower of the state of Alabama in 1959. This flower originally originated in China and was very popular and respected especially in the Southwest China region.

In Latin, camelia means "priest's helper", this flower is named by a botanist George Joseph Kamel at the end of the 17th century. Until now, there are more than 40,000 registered camellia flower cultivars.

Camelia flowers have large and multi-layered crowns consisting of various colors such as pink, white, yellow, red, purple, and even variegate. In terms of efficacy, this flower can be used to make green tea and black tea known as teh camelia.

This green tea from camelia flowers contains high antioxidants which have various health benefits such as lowering cholesterol, reducing the risk of heart disease and increase metabolism.

14. Protea Flowers

 Protea Flowers

Scientific Names [1945914]: Protea
Family : Proteaceae
Kingdom : Plantae
Order : Proteales
Genus [1945914]: Protea

Protea flowers are a type of flowering plant originating from South Africa which is sometimes referred to as sugar shrubs.

This flower is named "Protea: by Carl Linaeaus in 1735 based on the name of the god Greek Proteus. This interest is considered a symbol of hope and change. Because of its beauty, this flower is often used as a decoration and bouquet of weddings.

15. Magnolia Flowers

 Types of Magnolia Flowers

Scientific Names [1945914]: Magnolia
Family : Magnoliaceae
Kingdom : Plantae
Order : Magnoliales
Genus [1945914]: Magnolia L.

Magnolia flowers are a type of plant that is famous for its beautiful and charming flowers and has a fragrant aroma. Magnolia jewelry is not arranged in a layered circle like most other flowers but is arranged in a spiral. The shape of the flower is not to be pollinated by bees but beetles.

Cultivation (center of diversity) This interest is mainly carried out in East and Southeast Asia. Meanwhile, the secondary distribution center is on the American continent. Some types of magnolia flowers are used as ornamental plants as well as complementary archipelago custom events such as cempaka and cantile flowers.

Well, hopefully the discussion of the types of flowers and their explanations as explained above is useful. Thank you!


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