Humans are social beings who depend on each other and are independent and interrelated with other people in their environment. Communication is a very important skill in human life, where we can see communication can occur in every human movement.
The only tool to be able to relate to other people in their environment is communication both verbally and non-verbally, because basically communication is used to create or enhance the activity of relations between humans or groups.
Basically humans are individual beings and also social beings, humans will not find it difficult to know ways to convey information as a process of communication, because humans do communicate in daily life.
Types of Communication
Communication is the process of conveying thoughts, ideas, information or feelings from someone to others. Communication is a process where a person tries to give understanding by transferring messages or trying to create equality with others.
Communication can take place if there are components or elements, namely: source (communicator), message and target (communicant). Communication is very important for human beings, no exception, humans who play a role as social beings will definitely need communication to interact with others.
Communication will be effective if the intention of giving information is correctly conveyed to the recipient of the information. There are several types of communication based on several things, here are the types of communication.
The following are various types of communication based on how they are delivered and their explanations include verbal communication and non-verbal communication.
a. Verbal Communication
Definition of verbal communication is a form of communication process where messages are conveyed using words. Verbal communication can be in the form of messages through oral or written writing, can be in the form of two people who talk to each other or people who are reading a newspaper.
b. Non Verbal Communication
Non-verbal communication is the opposite of verbal communication. Non-verbal communication is a communication process whose message is conveyed not using words, but using body language, facial expressions, gestures, and eye contact. Likewise with intonation, sound quality and speech and emotion style.
In the process of communication carried out by two or more people, it can be seen the interaction between two or more people is as follows :
a. Direct Communication
Direct communication is communication that is carried out without assistance, interference, intermediary or other means of communication and is not limited by distance.
b. Indirect Communication
What is meant by indirect communication is the type of communication carried out through the media or intermediary, whether it is assistance with communication equipment or a third party.
a. Formal Communication
Formal communication usually takes place within an organization, formal communication usually has its own rules and procedures according to the rules of the organization or the company itself.
b. Informal Communication
Informal Communication is a form of communication that is not determined by the organizational structure and has official recognition and does not affect the relevance of the organization concerned.
c. Nonformal Communication
Nonformal Communication is a type of communication that takes place between formal and informal communication, non-formal communication aims to carry out organizational work tasks.
The following are various types of communication based on the flow of information and its explanation including one-way communication and two-way communication.
a. One-Way Communication
Definition of one-way communication is a type of communication that focuses on delivering messages, without expecting feedback, for example is a form of instruction and instructions.
b. Two-way communication
Two-way communication is reciprocal communication, two-way communication gives an opportunity to respond to its communicator.
The following are communication types based on their scope and the explanation includes internal communication and external communication.
a. Internal Communication
Internal communication is a form of communication that occurs within the scope of an organization or company circle that takes place among its members only.
b. External Communication
External communication is communication that occurs between the organization and the community outside the organization or company.
External communication aims to gain understanding, assistance, trust, and cooperate with the community so that groups interested parties can contribute to the company as well as its area.
The following are various types of communication based on the number of actors involved and their explanations including personal communication and group communication.  a. Individual Communication
Definition of individual communication is a type of communication that takes place individually between individuals and individuals about personal matters.
b. Communication group
Communication that occurs in a group about problems involving the needs of many people in the group.
The following are types of communication based on the types of messages delivered along with their explanations include oral communication and written communication.
a. Oral Communication
Definition of oral communication is a type of communication that occurs directly and is not limited by distance. This means that the form of oral communication is carried out between the two parties face to face with the pronunciation of words directly.
b. Written Communication
Written communication is one form of communication in the form of writing, this communication is usually in the form of:
- Made in the form of letters and used to convey a brief, clear, and need to be written for a specific purpose.
- , manuscripts are usually used to send news that is complex. A blank, used to send a message in the form of a list.
- Images and photos, this form of communication is usually because the things to be conveyed cannot be described with words or sentences.
- Banners, banners are usually used to convey a mass information that is targeted by many people.
According to the purpose of communication there are several communications that if observed are carried out with certain intentions of conveying information, communicator initiatives are a determinant:  Speech
The following are various types of communication based on the information path and their explanation communication to the side and communication down.
a. Upward Communication
What is meant by upward communication is a form of communication that is interwoven from subordinates to superiors in a company, institution or certain organization .
b. Downward Communication
That is communication that is established from superiors to subordinates.
c. Side Communication
What is meant by side communication is a form of communication that occurs between two or more people who have parallel positions in a particular company, institution or organization.
 In an organization or company, communication can be carried out based on the system established in the sheltered network. Communication according to the network is divided into:
a. Communication Chain Work Network
Communication occurs based on the organizational hierarchy channel and command network so that it follows the pattern of formal communication.
b. Circle Network Communication
Communication occurs because communication channels are arranged like a circle.
c. Communication of the Star Network
Communication that occurs because of one central and channel that is passed shorter.
That's our discussion this time about the types of communication and their explanations. Hopefully this article can be useful. Thank you.
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