Musical instruments based on their functions are divided into 3, namely harmonious, rhythmic, and melodic musical instruments. Well, this time I will discuss the rhythmic instrument.
Rhythmic instruments are musical instruments that have no tone. But, although it does not have a tone, rhythmic musical instruments are used as accompaniments and regulators of song tempo.
Rhythmic instruments serve to regulate the rhythm of the music so that the song becomes more pleasant to hear. The main thing we do when playing a rhythmic instrument is the accuracy of the tone and regularity of a beat when following the rhythm of a song.
10 Examples of Rhythmic Musical Instruments
In general, almost all rhythmic instruments are musical instruments played by being hit. The following are some examples of rhythmic musical instruments that can be found in musical art performances .
This traditional drum instrument is quite well-known in Indonesia. Kendang or drum is one of the musical instruments in the gamelan of the Javanese and Sundanese people. One of the main functions of this drum is to set the tempo or rhythm
This type of drum is not only one, namely there are several types. Here are the types of drums in Indonesia:
- Kendang is small, this drum can also be called ketipung Kendang Sedang, this drum can be called a drum or ciblon.
- Kendang Gedhe, this drum is a pair of ketipung and sometimes also called kendang kalih.
- kendang kosek, which is for wayang
Drum instruments are one of the traditional musical instruments that are played by beating, using two palms, while his left foot to muffle. Can be played by hand directly or with a drum bat.
Among various rhythmic musical instruments, drum was the most popular, because drums were more adaptive in various types of music, such as pop, jazz, rock, Rn B, dangdut, even often used as a complement in traditional art performances. Drums can be played solo, or as accompaniments with other musical instruments.
Drums are musical instruments that are played with a hand or a stick.
In general, drum accompaniment is arranged into a set, consisting from Snare, Bass, Tom-Tom, Cymbal, and hardware such as pedals, tom holders, drum chairs, and hi hat stands.
This instrument is often used to accompany Spanish dances such as Flamenco Dance. Kastanyet made of wood, round in shape, one pair (top-bottom) resembling shells whose surface was strangled.
Once upon a time there was even one made from elephant ivory. To produce sound from this instrument. How to put on a castanet musical instrument, you have to clash both sides like you are pinching.
Timpani is a modern rhythmic instrument made of hollow fiber and animal skin as its membrane. The tympanic membrane is hit using a wooden bat or mallet that is 2 cm in diameter to produce sound. Usually in a show, this instrument is provided with a set of different diameter sizes.
Based on its size, the timpani is divided into five types. Based on the sequence, timpani is divided from the smallest diameter of 20 inch, 23 inch, 26 inch, 29 inch and 33 inch. Timpani with a size of 33 inches is the largest type of tympanic.
Tamborin is a rhythmic musical instrument that is often used in percussion music performances. This rhythmic instrument is a circle of metal or leather. On each side there is a thin round metal mounted double that jingles when the instrument is shaken.
How to play it with a beat and shake it – shake it. This instrument comes from Europe and is often used to accompany dance performances. In the 1700s the tambourine was used to accompany the orchestra.
Aside from Europe, tambourines were also famous in Asia such as India, Peru, Turkey, and China. Historically in Asia, Turkish soldiers like to play tambourine instruments. Then they became famous as Janissaries . This instrument was also used by Mozart in one of its biggest musical performances.
Tifa is one of the rhythmic musical instruments originating from Papua. Tifa is almost similar to Gendang, both the way to play, the shape and the material used. The difference is that the shape of the hyphae is elongated and the middle part is slightly slimmer. Unlike the drum which tends to enlarge in its sturdy parts.
Playing the tifa must be standing and beaten like a drum. Usually tifa is used to accompany traditional dances such as War Dance, Lenso Dance, and Gatsi Dance typical of the Asmat.
The most famous type of tifa is Tifa Totobuang. In Eastern Indonesia, tifa instruments are often used for religious events. For example in sawat Islam and some Christian celebrations. Besides totobuang, there are also other types such as tifa bass, tifa pieces, tifa jekir, tifa jekir cut, and basic tifa.
Rebana is often identified with Islamic recitation and performances such as Zapin and Hadroh Dance. Formerly tambourine was used by the Wali Songo as a medium for the spread of Islam on Java. Tambourine is also popular in other countries, such as Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia, Middle East countries, and Singapore.
How to play this tool is to be beaten. The beaten part is usually made of goat skin. Tambourine musical instruments are made of wood, shaped flat circle and in some areas modified by the addition of two or three pairs of cymbals.
In Indonesia there are many types of tambourines known, including banjar rebana, jidor, kombang, rebana biang, marawis, hadroh, and samroh.
8. Hand Cymbals
Cymbals were one of the musical instruments played since ancient times. This instrument is made of metal plates and the shape of a circle and protruding in the middle.
How to play the cymbals is by banging or swiping the two plates. Examples of hand cymbals are those used in marching bands.
Musical instrument triangle is a simple musical instrument, triangles are only made of metal with triangular shapes. This triangle musical instrument is made of metal, but there are also made of steel or other similar metals.
In the upper corner there is a hole, this hole can be installed as a rope. The rumor is that the Triangel grip rope was made from animal intestine, but as the age changes, the rope was made of wire or nylon.
Triangle is usually played by being hit on the outside. But, because some of the rhythms need a change in tempo on music, the punch must be moved to the inside of the triangle, if this is done then it can produce louder sounds and a faster tempo.
Ketipung is a musical instrument that resembles a drum but is smaller. The diameter of the hole has a length of 20 cm to 40 cm.
Need special techniques to play it, in some shows even the player does not use the entire palm of his hand, just by tapping it using a finger. But, even though the sound produced is only the sound of "" and " no", this instrument has a big role especially to give a touch to the dangdut music performance.