In this article, we will discuss about the 10 melodic musical instruments and their explanations . Maybe the term "melodic instrument" sounds familiar, but do you know what a melodic instrument means? A melodic instrument is a musical instrument that can produce melodies that can accompany songs.
Simply, a melodic instrument is a musical instrument that has a rhythm or tone. The function of this instrument is to set the tone in a song or music.
There are various types of melodic musical instruments that you can know and find starting from the traditional to the modern. For further explanation of the types of melodic instruments, let's look at the explanation below.
10 Melodic Musical Instruments
Here below are 10 traditional and modern melodic musical instruments.
Violin is a stringed musical instrument that is played by swiping using a string instrument (violin bow) made of wood and strands of synthetic hair or real horse hair installed from one end of the stick to the other. The position when playing the violin is the left hand pressing the strings while the right hand swipes or vice versa if the left-handed player.
This melodic instrument has 4 strings (GDAE) which are set differently from each other at the fifth perfect interval where the lowest tone is G The best violin becomes 3 types based on the high and low notes produced, namely the violin alto, violin cello, and double bass violin or counter bass (violin with the highest tone).
The violin itself consists of several parts, namely violin body, violin neck, bridge violins, finger boards, strings, and various other auxiliary devices.
Accordion is a melodic instrument of 1945. A type of organ that is relatively small in size and is played by hanging on a body where the left hand presses chord buttons while the right hand plays a melody from the song that was delivered. This instrument was discovered by C.F.L. Buschmann from Berlin, Germany
When playing the accordion, there is a push and pull that moves the air in then the movement of the air is channeled into the tongues of the accordion to create sound.
Angkluk is a traditional melodic musical instrument typical of West Java with idiofone sounds (the source of the sound comes from basic ingredients). This melodic instrument made of bamboo is played by shaking it so that sound is created from the collision of a bamboo pipe body.
How to play it is by holding the frame using one hand (usually the left hand) so that the angklung is hanging free then the other hand ( usually the right hand) shake it to produce a sound.
Guitar is a stringed musical instrument that is played by plucking using a finger or plectrum. Guitar players are known as "guitarists" or "guitarists". In general, the guitar is divided into 2 types, namely acoustic and electric. Acoustic guitars have hollow body parts while electric guitars rely on electronic amplifiers that are able to manipulate the sound of the guitar.
The guitar body consists of three main parts, namely the head, neck and body. The head section of the guitar has a string tuning machine, the neck part serves as a place for strings which usually amounts to six and the body part serves as a resonator tube to enlarge the sound produced by the string vibrations.
Calung is a traditional West Javanese melodic instrument made of bamboo with idiofone sound types (the source of the sound comes from the basic material). Bamboo which is usually used to make calung is black bamboo ( awi wulung ) but sometimes it is used ater bamboo, green ( awi temen ).
How to play it is to hit the blade (bamboo tube) which is arranged based on the pentatonic melting point. The tuning point of pentatoni is da-mi-na-ti-la for Sundanese people, and ji-ro-lu-ma-nem for the people of Banyumas.
Sounds produced by Calung in the form of pentatonic scales. There are various candidates who have developed in the general public such as Calung Banyumas, Calung Jinjing, and Calung Rantay.
Harmonica is a melodic musical instrument that is played by blowing and sucking holes to produce sound. The sound of the harmonica comes from the gusts and pulls of air from the player's mouth. This instrument comes from a traditional Chinese musical instrument, "Sheng", which has been used around 5000 years ago since the Nyu-kwa empire.
Difficulty playing harmonica is quite difficult to blow the hole because of the distance between holes that almost coincide. It takes enough expertise and the right accuracy to produce good sound. The harmonica consists of vibrating plates of metal arranged horizontally and only provides a chromatic inflatable tone.
Mandolin is a traditional Italian melodic instrument played by picking strings like a guitar. Unlike the guitar, the body shape of the mandolin is slightly fatter. This instrument is usually used to accompany dances such as rudat dance, and accompany traditional songs.
Initially, the mandolin had 6 double strings but now it is only played with 4 double strings. There are 3 types of mandolin playing styles, namely:
- Neapolitan: usually used to accompany classical music games.
- A-Style: usually used in Irish, Bluegrass, Rock and Classical musical performances.
- F-Style: usually used for complicated tones so it is suitable for bluegrass music performances. This style is the most expensive.
Kecapi is a traditional Sundanese melodic instrument that is played by picking strings that stretch over his body (wooden boards) using the fingers. The lute game depends on the shrewdness of the players, the more astute, the better the melody is produced.
Based on its function in accompanying a song, the lute is divided into 2 types, namely lute indung (main) and kecapi rincik (tillers). Pianika
Pianika is a melodic musical instrument that is played by blowing it through an inflatable pipe either blowing directly or using a flexible pipe connected to the mouth then pressing the note on the keys to produce sound. At the right end there is a forgetfulness in removing air and also water.
At a glance, the appearance of pianika is similar to the piano especially the shape and color of the black and white keys. However, the number of keys on the piano is less than the piano. Besides that, pianika is a wind instrument while the piano is not. The pianika game demands that the player be able to set his breath well so that he can produce beautiful melodies.
Piano is a melodic musical instrument that is played by pressing the keys on the board using the fingers. The keys on the piano are connected to the hammer inside, so when we press the keys, the strings inside will also be compressed to produce sound. Piono was first discovered by Bartolomeo Cristofori .
A piano player is known as a "pianist". A pianist is certainly able to produce beautiful melodies by combining the keys pressed together. The size of the piano is quite large and is usually black and has a stamp pedal and also a bench for the players
Piano is divided into two types, namely acoustic piano and electronic piano. On the acoustic piano, sound is produced using strings that are struck by hammer. Whereas, on an electronic piano, sound is produced using an electronic board similar to the sound of an acoustic piano …
Well, hopefully a discussion of the 1945 Melodic instruments and their explanations as explained above is useful. Thank you!
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