Economic and social developments in each country are not the same. In general, countries in the world are classified into 3 types, namely developed countries, developing countries and underdeveloped countries. This classification is based on economic and non-economic factors in a country. Well, in this article, we will discuss the characteristics of developed countries and their examples.
What are developed countries? Developed countries are countries that have a relatively high standard of living, characterized by a balanced economy, advanced technology, and most of these countries have GDP [Gross Domestic Product]  per capita high.
is what are the other characteristics of developed countries? For further explanation, let's look at the explanation below.
Characteristics of Advanced Countries
Following below are some characteristics of developed countries.
1. High per capita income
Generally, high per capita income is the easiest benchmark to determine whether a country is a developed country or not. Per capita income shows the amount of income that can be obtained by the average population for a year. By looking at this per capita income sector, we can see the level of welfare of the population in a country .
Based on World Bank data, a country can be called a developed country if its per capita income is above $ 10,726 per year. Usually, high per capita income is driven by industrial output and services that participate in supporting state revenues.
In addition, developed countries generally have many industries whose results are used domestically and also imported to other countries. That way, a country's per capita income can continue to accelerate from year to year.
2. The unemployment rate is low
Developed countries certainly have a low unemployment rate because usually people in a developed country have adequate skills . Adequate ability is due to a good education system so as to be able to produce quality human resources (HR). In addition, the availability of many jobs is also a factor in the low unemployment rate.
Quality human resources will certainly be easy to get jobs and needed to support the progress of a country. In addition, many of them become entrepreneurs who will be able to open up employment opportunities for others.
If we see developed countries like Japan, the unemployment rate reaches its lowest point in the last 20 years with a percentage of 2.8% in 2017. this is far down from 2010, where the unemployment rate reached 5.5%.
3. Advanced science and technology (science and technology)
Generally, global technology products are produced by developed countries. This proves that science and technology in developed countries are already very developed and advanced. They always produce new innovations in various fields of science.
The development and progress of technology seems not to be released from developed countries. They are always superior and many inventors come from developed countries. No wonder, if the technology companies that dominate the world such as Facebook Apple, Android, or Amazon come from developed countries.
4. Industry and services become advocates of the economic sector
Developed countries usually make the industrial sector and its services support the country's economy. Industry in developed countries is known as a capital intensive industry. Capital intensive industries means using sophisticated and modern tools in the production process.
Industries that are usually produced by developed countries are those that produce high-value-value products such as airplanes, motorized vehicles, electronic equipment (laptops, smartphones), and others. . In addition to industry, services that develop in developed countries are education, entertainment, financial services and consultants.
5. The education system is good
A developed country is certainly supported by quality human resources. To be able to produce quality human resources, a quality education system is also needed.
In developed countries, education is highly prioritized. Without good education, science and technology will be difficult to develop and the country's progress will be hampered due to lack of human resources and high unemployment.
Most developed countries provide high budgets in the education sector such as South Korea. The South Korean government gave 11 billion dollars as the education budget in 2014. South Korea also became the most advanced education country based on the list of education levels in the world released The Social Progress Imperative in 2016.
6 . Cultivate discipline and timely
Communities in developed countries are very disciplined and timely. For them, time is precious and must be utilized as well as possible, time is money . They have high mobility and work hard.
The mindset of developed countries is usually more advanced and they have a high awareness of discipline. The attitude of professionalism, responsibility, honesty and discipline is generally always indicated by workers in developed countries. With such attitudes, human resources can be optimally optimized.
7. Low crime rate
Usually the least developed countries have high crime rates. Meanwhile, in developed countries, the crime rate is very low. This is because the average welfare state of the developed countries is already sufficient. Crime generally occurs due to a person's low education and poverty.
Based on a survey by Numbeo.com in 2016, the number one safest country in the world is Austria. The lowest crime index is in the numbers 20 to 40, while the crime index in developed countries is at 24.06.
8. Proper and maximum use of natural resources
Developed countries are countries that are able to utilize the natural resources that they have well and maximally even though there are not many.
There are some countries that are rich in natural resources and are classified as developing countries. even underdeveloped countries. This is because, they are not able to utilize their natural resources properly and are not often corrupted by their own officials.
In fact, many developed countries do not have abundant natural resources but they are able to process them properly and optimally. They use various methods to cover their shortcomings with strengths.
9. High life expectancy
Residents in developed countries have a high awareness of the importance of health by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. This makes the high life expectancy in developed countries
Usually, the average developed country has a long-lived elderly population. The factors that determine longevity are gender, medical history, race, environment, demography and socio-economy.
For example, an increase in life expectancy in Australia occurs due to a decrease in tobacco consumption. This is supported by the awareness of the people themselves and also the role of the government in limiting cigarette advertisements, making smoke-free areas, and also designing scary cigarette packs. The result, heart disease (cardiovascular) and cancers that usually attack smokers dropped dramatically than before.
10. Low birth rate
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A developed country usually has a low birth rate which is below 1% population growth per year. The low birth rate is due to the high public awareness of family planning, delaying the age of marriage and advances in the technology of health care facilities.
The birth rate is determined based on the number of births of babies living every 1000 inhabitants in 1 year. Many men and women are supposed to get married (if seen from their age) but choose to pursue careers and are not interested in getting married for a number of reasons such as not being important, afraid that family life is insufficient, troublesome, too comfortable with current careers and others
Advanced Country Examples
After discussing the characteristics of developed countries, the next question is which countries belong to developed countries? Following below 31 countries have GDP per capital exceeding $ 15,000, although there are some exceptions (source: http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/developed-countries/ )
- New Zealand
- South Korea
- United Kingdom
- United States
Alright, hopefully the discussion of characteristics of developed countries and their examples as explained above is useful. Thank you!
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