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10 Characteristics of a Legal State in Indonesia + Explanation [LENGKAP]

What is meant by a legal state? What are the characteristics of the rule of law? The rule of law is very important for the State in carrying out an action based on existing legal regulations.

That way, the task for the state is to carry out legal awareness in a form of applicable legal rules and must be obeyed to all Its citizens .

Judging from the perspective of the ruling, the understanding of the rule of law depends on the belief that every state power must be carried out based on good and fair law.

state equipment that only applies to follow and is bound to the rules that have been determined in advance on equipment in the former country.

10 Characteristics of the State of Law

In general, 10 characteristics of the legal state are obtained will be discussed in this article. The following are 10 features and details of the rule of law and their explanations.

1. Having a free and impartial judicial system

 Characteristics of the rule of law

In a court of law a law must be open and impartial or unbiased. In the judiciary here are prosecutors, court administration officers, judges, and of course the established law [199005]

However, lately in the State of Indonesia there has often been a case involving judicial officials such as judges and prosecutors who have received bribes in handling a case. Not only that in an area, this situation also often occurs around the central government.

This problem is very unfortunate because considering that the State of Indonesia is a legal state that should have an independent judicial system. This of course has polluted the reputation of a court in the State of Indonesia.

2. There is also the protection of recognition of human rights

Recognition of every human right (HAM) is a key element in the signs of the rule of law according to the public in the State of Indonesia. This is because Human Rights (HAM) is the most basic property rights where a violation of it can be taken firmly.

That is where a law is very necessary, a tool or guideline in efforts to enforce, maintain, and recognition of Human Rights (HAM).

3. There are criminal and civil justice

 characteristics of the state of law

In Indonesia, we can recognize that there are two types of justice. This court is a criminal court that attaches a violation to the interests of the public and this civil court discusses interpersonal issues.

In a civil law, Indonesia discusses issues relating to civil law, including inheritance law, laws concerning self to someone, and law to the family.

This process in criminal justice with civil law in Indonesia is also one of the common characteristics of the rule of law in the State of Indonesia. Therefore, in Indonesia it is often known because there are criminal law and civil law.

4. There is a constitutional system

The system in a state administration is an institutional form that governs all state affairs.

In Indonesia, we must know about high institutions in the country such as the People's Consultative Assembly (MPR), Regional Representative Council (DPD ), The House of Representatives (DPR), the Supreme Court (MA), the Presidency, the Judicial Commission, and the last is the Constitutional Court.

At each institution have their respective duties and powers to carry out obligations related to the constitutional system. [19659024] 5. There is freedom of opinion

 characteristics of the rule of law

Freedom in opinion for every citizen has been guaranteed in the rule of law. As in the case of Indonesia, freedom in opinion is regulated in the official constitution in Indonesia, namely the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945.

Particularly more, the law concerning freedom of opinion is written in the article 28 UUD 1945. Then than that, every Indonesian people have the freedom to argue in any form in order to improve and advance the nation.

Opinions or aspirations can be formed in a proposal from the people's representative body, an activity which groups, or writing and activities with electronic media which at this time is very easily accessible to all groups and has been very developed.

Therefore, freedom of speech does not mean that every citizen can speak as he wishes to express his criticism and opinions. . All of these opinions must be accompanied by rational reasons and evidence.

6. Free electoral system

In a legal state, the determination of elections is held as well as carrying out freedom. The purpose of this is that every citizen has the freedom to exercise his right to vote. Free in choosing any party or candidate according to their vision and mission.

In freedom, also protected, therefore no one can give coercion in choosing. In the country of Indonesia itself, elections are not only using free law. In Indonesia, the principle of elections is honest, free, confidential, fair, and public or commonly referred to as a slogan and also overflowing . .

7. Applied citizenship education

 Applied citizenship education

With the enactment of the State of Indonesia as a rule of law, it is important that Indonesia has committed to upholding a law as a rule that must be obeyed. Upholding the rule of law will not be carried out without a knowledge of the law.

Therefore, it is necessary to apply a citizenship education to students in every legal country. In Indonesia, citizenship education is made with the aim of educating citizens to be creative, critical, and rational thinking.

In addition, with citizenship education, every student is expected to be able to participate intelligently and be accountable in the life of the state and with nation. Citizenship education can also be used as an exercise for students to be able to be aware and more respectful of the law.

With this, it is clear that citizenship education is very important to be able to be applied in a rule of law.

8. All have equality before the law

In a legal state, every citizen has an equal position before the law. Nor are the rich, commoners, and officials, all of whom will be punished if they have committed an error or violation of the law.

The treatment of lawbreakers is also the same as they go through the legal process. However, in recent Indonesia we can find around a few cases where state officials have committed a violation of the law, but there are privileges in the period through punishment.

One of them with the existence of special facilities in the past few years has been found in one among the political elite who had changed the prodeo hotel as a five-star hotel.

9. The existence of legal supermasi

 One of the characteristics of a legal state is the existence of legal supermasi

One of the characteristics of a legal state according to the general state of Indonesia is the existence of a legal supermasi. Supermasi law is where the law can be used as a benchmark or a rule in various fields.

That way, the legal authority that is spelled out cannot be used arbitrarily. Regardless of the legal authority, the law can only be imposed on the guilty. Regulations when imposing laws must be obeyed correctly.

10. There are restrictions on duties and authority for officials

In a state of law, officials who are usually the political authorities of the Indonesian State certainly have limitations on their duties and authority. Restrictions on duties and authority are clearly stated in the constitution, in the 1945 Constitution, Ministerial Regulation, or Presidential Regulation .

Well, that is information about the collection of 10 characteristics of the rule of law complete with the discussion. Hopefully this article can be a guideline or reference in the science that you are looking for.

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