Indonesia is a country rich in ethnicity and culture. Each region in Indonesia has its own culture.
Musical instruments are one form of culture that is owned by an area in Indonesia. In this article, it will be explained 15 types of regional musical instruments and their explanations .
There are various regional musical instruments in Indonesia. Each region has a unique musical instrument so that it can be distinguished from one another. In order for you to better understand the types of regional musical instruments in Indonesia, let's look at the explanation below.
15 Regional Musical Instruments and Their Origin
are musical instruments with sound sources originating from their own basic materials.
Angklung is a multitonal (double-pitched) musical instrument originating from West Java with idiofone sounds. This musical instrument is made of bamboo which is played by shaking or vibrating where the sound produced comes from the collision of bamboo pipe body.
The way to play is to hold the frame with one hand (usually the left hand) so that the angklung is hanging free then the other hand (usually the right hand) shake it until it rings.
2. Serune Kalee
Sarune Kale is a traditional musical instrument originating from Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam with aerophones. The way to play it is to blow it then use the fingers to adjust the tone to be released from the serune kalee hole.
This instrument is made of wood where the wood chosen as the base material is strong and hard and light at the same time. Serune Kalee played an important role in organizing various art performances for ceremonies in Aceh.
Stamps are traditional musical instruments from buffalo horns originating from Jambi with aerophones. This instrument is a warian from the old Malay kingdom in Kerinci. Usually, this musical instrument is used to notify Jambi of the disaster. How to use it is blown.
Aramba is a traditional musical instrument that is smoky from Nias, North Sumatra with idiofone sounds. This instrument is made of copper, brass, brass and nickel. This instrument is only played by one person by being hit using a bat like a stick.
Kolintang or kulintang is a traditional musical instrument originating from North Sulawesi with idiofone sounds. The way to play is to be hit. This instrument consists of rows of small gongs placed horizontally, then accompanied by a larger hanging gong and also a drum.
Gamelan is a traditional musical instrument originating from Central Java with idiofone sounds. The way to play is to be hit – hit using a bat.
Generally, this gamelan consists of several basic instruments and accompaniment instruments. This musical instrument is usually used in several events such as puppets, lumping horses, or others.
Sasando is a traditional musical instrument originating from the Land of Rote, East Nusa Tenggara with a type of chordophone sound. The way to play is to be picked. This musical instrument is very unique because it uses natural ingredients in the form of palm leaves as its main ingredient.
Gordang is a traditional musical instrument from the Toba Batak, North Sumatra in the form of a large drum (bigger than taganing). Etymologically, gordang means drum or drum. This instrument is made of wood coated with buffalo or cow leather. Then, this musical instrument is usually used as a constant rhythm carrier and variable rhythm.
Kecapi is a traditional musical instrument originating from West Sulawesi with a type of chordophones. The way to play it is by picking the strings. Each string on the harp produces unique and different tones. The sound it produces is also very suitable as a means of relaxation. Usually, this instrument is played alone.
Talempong is a traditional musical instrument from West Sumatra. Talempong has a shape similar to the bonang instrument in gamelan. Made of brass or wood and stone, even though nowadays the brass talempong is more widely used. The way to play is to hit it using wood.
Saluang is a traditional musical instrument originating from West Sumatra with aerophones. In general, the use of saluang is similar to flute which is to blow it then the hole in the musical instrument is used to adjust the tone while the fingers are used to close the hole.
The difference lies in the air tube. Where saluang only has 4 holes so that the tone or sound produced is simpler than the flute.
Doll is a musical instrument in the form of a traditional drum originating from Bengkulu with the type of mebranophon sound. The way to play it is by hitting it using a bat . Usually, this musical instrument is performed by men and made of coconut tree humps.
13. Gendang Melayu
Gendang Melayu The traditional musical instrument is typical of the Malay tribe, especially in North Sumatra with the type of mebranophon sound. Made from animal skin such as ox, buffalo or goat. The way to play is to hit around the soft area (in the middle) using the palm of the hand.
Panting is a traditional musical instrument typical of the Banjang tribe, South Kalimantan with a type of chordophones. This instrument is a type of gambus that has strings. The way to play it is by picking the strings.
Ladolado is a musical instrument originating from Southeast Sulawesi with idiofone sounds. This instrument is made of wood or bamboo. The way to play is to be beaten.
Well, hopefully the discussion of 1945-1931 15 regional musical instruments and their explanations as explained above is useful. Thank you!
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